Application of the Principal Component Analysis (PCA) Method to Assess the Impact of Meteorological Elements on Concentrations of Particulate Matter (PM10): A Case Study of the Mountain Valley (the Sącz Basin, Poland)

Zbigniew Zuśka , Joanna Kopcińska , Ewa Dacewicz , Barbara Skowera , Jakub Wojkowski , Agnieszka Ziernicka-Wojtaszek

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine, by use PCA analysis, the impact of meteorological elements on the PM10 concentration on the example of the mountain valley. Daily values of selected meteorological elements, measured during a ten-year period in the spring, summer, autumn and winter, obtained from the meteorological station in Nowy Sącz, were adopted as variables explaining PM10 concentration. The level of PM10 was significantly affected by the maximum, minimum and average temperature in autumn, winter and spring. In summer the average and maximum temperature was significant. In winter, the first principle component mainly consisted of the combination of the average and maximum wind speed. The second principal component in spring, summer and autumn was the combination of the wind speed (average and maximum), but in winter humidity and atmospheric pressure seemed to be significant. The third principal component, in terms of strength of impact, was humidity in spring, the combination of humidity and minimum temperature in summer, and precipitation in autumn. In winter, the highest PM10 concentrations were observed during the non-directional, anticyclonic wedge conditions. Three principal components were distinguished in this situation: temperature (average, maximum and minimum); the combination of humidity and wind speed and precipitation.
Author Zbigniew Zuśka (FoEEaLS / DoECaAP)
Zbigniew Zuśka,,
- Department of Ecology, Climatology and Air Protection
, Joanna Kopcińska (FoEEaLS / DoAM)
Joanna Kopcińska,,
- Department of Applied Mathematics
, Ewa Dacewicz (FoEEaLS / DoSEaWM)
Ewa Dacewicz,,
- Department of Sanitary Engineering and Water Management
, Barbara Skowera (FoEEaLS / DoECaAP)
Barbara Skowera,,
- Department of Ecology, Climatology and Air Protection
, Jakub Wojkowski (FoEEaLS / DoECaAP)
Jakub Wojkowski,,
- Department of Ecology, Climatology and Air Protection
, Agnieszka Ziernicka-Wojtaszek (FoEEaLS / DoECaAP)
Agnieszka Ziernicka-Wojtaszek,,
- Department of Ecology, Climatology and Air Protection
Journal seriesSustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, (N/A 70 pkt)
Issue year2019
Vol11
No23
Pages1-12
Publication size in sheets0.55
Article number6740
Keywords in Englishmeteorological elements; PM10 concentrations; principal component analysis
ASJC Classification3305 Geography, Planning and Development; 2105 Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment; 2308 Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
DOIDOI:10.3390/su11236740
URL https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/11/23/6740/pdf
Languageen angielski
LicenseJournal (articles only); author's original; Uznanie Autorstwa (CC-BY); after publication
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Application of the Principal Component Analysis (PCA) Method to Assess the Impact of Meteorological Elements on Concentrations of Particulate Matter (PM10): A Case Study of the Mountain Valley (the Sącz Basin, Poland) of 28-11-2019
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Score (nominal)70
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 0.911; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 2.592 (2) - 2018=2.801 (5)
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FinansowanieThis research was financed by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Republic of Poland.
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