Vertical distribution of Pea (Pisum sativum L.) Seed Yield Depeding on the Applied Bacterial Incculants

Tadeusz Zając , Agnieszka Klimek-Kopyra , Andrzej Oleksy , Anna Lenart

Abstract

Among legumes, pea (Pisum sativum L.) is the second most important grain legume crop in the world, which is widely used both in human nutrition and as fodder. The yield potential of cultivars is one of the major factors that determine the use of field pea. Currently, pre-sowing inoculation of pea seeds is a promising treatment and is one of agronomic solutions for sustainable agriculture development. The objective of the research was to estimate the productivity of the 'afila' and 'semileafs' morphotypes of field pea, depending on different inoculants based on symbiotic bacteria (Rhizobium)-commercial (Nitragine™) and noncommercial, produced by the Polish Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation (IUNG). The research was based on the precise field experiment, conducted in four replicates and carried out in the experimental field of Bayer® company located in Modzurów, Silesian viovodeship. The experimental field soil was classified as Umbrisol-slightly degraded chernozem, formed from loess. The examined inoculants were applied during sowing. The presented results of the studies on the symbiotic nitrogen fixation by leguminous plants indicate that the productivity of pea was positively affected by the application of IUNG (noncommercial) inoculant. On the other hand, it is not recommended to use Nitragine™ separately, as it inhibits the growth of pea. Plants of the 'Klif' variety used the symbiotically fixed nitrogen more effectively and demonstrated higher yield component and better phenotypic parameters.
Author Tadeusz Zając (FoAE / IoPP)
Tadeusz Zając,,
- Institute of Plant Production
, Agnieszka Klimek-Kopyra (FoAE / IoPP)
Agnieszka Klimek-Kopyra,,
- Institute of Plant Production
, Andrzej Oleksy (FoAE / IoPP)
Andrzej Oleksy,,
- Institute of Plant Production
, Anna Lenart (FoAE / DoM)
Anna Lenart,,
- Department of Microbiology
Journal seriesJournal of Agricultural Science, ISSN 0021-8596, (A 45 pkt)
Issue year2013
Vol5
No1
Pages260-268
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in Englishpea varieties, nodulation, yield
ASJC Classification1311 Genetics; 1102 Agronomy and Crop Science; 1103 Animal Science and Zoology
DOIDOI:10.5539/jas.v5n1p260
URL http://www.ccsenet.org/journal/index.php/jas/article/view/15480
Internal identifierWRE/2013/213
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)45
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2013 = 1.511; WoS Impact Factor: 2013 = 2.891 (2) - 2013=2.447 (5)
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