High-Fructose Diet-Induced Metabolic Disorders Were Counteracted by the Intake of Fruit and Leaves of Sweet Cherry in Wistar Rats

Kinga Dziadek , Aneta Kopeć , Ewa Piątkowska , Teresa Leszczyńska

Abstract

Numerous studies have indicated that the use of plants rich in bioactive compounds may reduce the risk of non-communicable diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate how the addition of fruit and leaves to high-fructose diet affects lipid metabolism, including the expression of genes involved in fatty acid synthesis and oxidation in the liver and adipose tissue, as well as oxidative stress and inflammation in Wistar rats. The animals were fed with AIN-93G diet, high fructose (HFr) diet, HFr diet with addition of 5% or 10% freeze-dried fruits, and HFr diet with addition of 1% or 3% freeze-dried leaves. The experiment lasted 12 weeks. The results showed that the intake of fruit and leaves of sweet cherry caused the improvement of the liver function, as well as beneficially affected lipid metabolism, among others, by regulating the expression of genes associated with fatty acid synthesis and β-oxidation. Additionally, they exhibited antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. In conclusion, the addition of fruit and leaves reduced the adverse changes arising from the consumption of high fructose diet. Therefore, not only commonly consumed fruits, but also leaves can be potentially used as functional foods. These findings may be helpful in prevention and treatment of the obesity-related metabolic diseases, especially cardiovascular diseases
Author Kinga Dziadek (FoFT / DoHN)
Kinga Dziadek,,
- Department of Human Nutrition
, Aneta Kopeć (FoFT / DoHN)
Aneta Kopeć,,
- Department of Human Nutrition
, Ewa Piątkowska (FoFT / DoHN)
Ewa Piątkowska,,
- Department of Human Nutrition
, Teresa Leszczyńska (FoFT / DoHN)
Teresa Leszczyńska,,
- Department of Human Nutrition
Journal seriesNutrients, ISSN 2072-6643, (N/A 140 pkt)
Issue year2019
Vol11
No11
Pages1-14
Publication size in sheets0.65
Keywords in EnglishWistar rats; sweet cherry leaves; high fructose diet; lipid metabolism genes; antioxidant enzymes; inflammation
ASJC Classification1106 Food Science
DOIDOI:10.3390/nu11112638
URL https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/11/11/2638/pdf
Languageen angielski
LicenseJournal (articles only); author's original; Uznanie Autorstwa (CC-BY); after publication
File
High-Fructose Diet-Induced Metabolic Disorders Were Counteracted by the Intake of Fruit and Leaves of Sweet Cherry in Wistar Rats of 21-11-2019
666,99 KB
Score (nominal)140
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 1.392; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 4.171 (2) - 2018=4.813 (5)
Citation count*
Cite
Share Share

Get link to the record


* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
Back
Confirmation
Are you sure?