Enzymatic Activity of Soil under Spelt Grown in An Organic Farming System in Poland’s Temperate Climate

Barbara Filipek-Mazur , Katarzyna Pużyńska , Monika Tabak , Stanisław Pużyński

Abstract

Wheat spelt is a very valuable plant, especially in organic farming. Its high nutritional values combined with low soil and climate requirements increase the interest in growing spelt in various soils. Spelt can be grown in different soil types, including sandy, wet, poor, non-draining and low-fertility soils. It is well adapted to cold climate. Compared to common wheat, it requires less nutrients and is more competitive against weeds. Activities of enzymes in soil under winter spelt have not been studied yet. We sought to determine whether the choice of varieties will also shape the enzymatic activities in different soil types and whether these activities will be the same under different climatic conditions of 2007, 2010 and 2013 year. The aim of this field experiment was to assess the impact of growing different winter spelt varieties (Oberkulmer Rotkorn, Franckenkorn, Schwabenkorn, Ostro) on the enzymatic activity on two different soil complexes. In the years 2007–2013, two three-year rotations of the experiment were carried out (the first ended in 2010 and the second in 2013). Spelt was cultivated in an organic system. Physicochemical properties of the two different types of soil after three and six years of the experiment were compared to the soil properties before the experiment. The catalase activity ranged between 3.33 and 6.75 µmol H2O2 g−1 d.m. min.−1, the dehydrogenase activity ranged between 1.6 and 87.7 nmol TPF g−1 d.m. 24 h−1, and the arylsulfatase activity ranged between 37.5 and 157 µmol pNF g−1 d.m. h−1. The enzymatic activity in the soil depended on the type of soil (as a rule, the activity was higher in a stagnic luvisol than in a haplic cambisol) and on the spelt variety (although no variety had a clear beneficial effect on the activities of all enzymes). Spelt cultivation in an organic system led to an increase of enzymatic activity in a stagnic luvisol, but not always in a haplic cambisol soil type.
Author Barbara Filipek-Mazur (FoAaE / DoAaECh)
Barbara Filipek-Mazur,,
- Department of Agricultural and Environmental Chemistry
, Katarzyna Pużyńska (FoAaE / DoAaPP)
Katarzyna Pużyńska,,
- Department of Agroecology and Plant Production
, Monika Tabak (FoAaE / DoAaECh)
Monika Tabak,,
- Department of Agricultural and Environmental Chemistry
, Stanisław Pużyński - Malopolska Agricultural Advisory Centre (MODR)
Stanisław Pużyński,,
-
Journal seriesAgronomy, [Agronomy], ISSN 2073-4395, e-ISSN 2073-4395, (N/A 100 pkt)
Issue year2020
Vol10
No7
Pages1-11
Publication size in sheets0.5
Article number930
Keywords in Englishstagnic luvisol; haplic cambisol; dehydrogenases; catalase; arylsulfatase; spelt wheat; soil enzymatic activity
ASJC Classification1102 Agronomy and Crop Science
DOIDOI:10.3390/agronomy10070930
URL https://www.mdpi.com/2073-4395/10/7/930
Languageen angielski
LicenseJournal (articles only); published final; Uznanie Autorstwa (CC-BY); with publication
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Enzymatic Activity of Soil under Spelt Grown in An Organic Farming System in Poland’s Temperate Climate of 21-07-2020
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Score (nominal)100
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 1.272; WoS Impact Factor: 2019 = 2.603 (2)
Citation count*
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finansowanieThis research was financed by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Republic of Poland– partially, this research was funded by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education in Poland, for education in the years 2010–2015 as research project (grant no. N N310 446938).
Wkład autorówConceptualization, B.F.-M. and K.P.; methodology, K.P., S.P., B.F.-M., M.T.; formal analysis, B.F.-M., K.P., M.T.; investigation, K.P., S.P., M.T.; resources, K.P., S.P.; writing—original draft preparation, B.F.-M.; funding acquisition, K.P. All authors have read and agreed to the published version of the manuscript.
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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