Structure and Physicochemical Properties of Water Treated under Nitrogen with Low-Temperature Glow Plasma
Jarosław Chwastowski , Katarzyna Ciesielska , Wojciech Ciesielski , Karen Khachatryan , Henryk Kołoczek , Damian Kulawik , Zdzisław Oszczęda , Piotr Tomasik , Mariusz Witczak
AbstractWater treated with low-temperature, low-pressure glow plasma (GP) in contact with air stimulates various microorganisms, the growth of various plants and provides healthy breeding of various animals. In this paper, we present water treated with GP under oxygen-free nitrogen. It is potentially suitable for breeding anaerobic microorganisms, and increasing the crops of plants utilizing atmospheric nitrogen. Deionized water saturated with oxygen-free nitrogen was treated for 5 to 90 min with low-temperature glow plasma (GP). That operation produced nitrogen in various exited states depending on the treatment time. These excited nitrogen molecules built aqueous clathrates around them. The number and structure of those clathrates depended on the time of the treatment with GP. In terms of mass, density, pH, conductivity, surface tension, Ultraviolet-Visible (UV-VIS), Fourier Transformation Infrared (FTIR), Raman and Electron Spin Resonance (ESR) spectra as well as Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC), the macrostructure of water saturated with nitrogen treated with GP strongly depended on the treatment time. Based on the entropy criterion, the macrostructure formed on 30 and 5 min treatment was the most and least organized, respectively.
|Journal series||Water, [Water (Switzerland)], ISSN 2073-4441, (N/A 70 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.6|
|Keywords in English||clathrate hydrates; FTIR; glow plasma; nitrogen excited states; water stretching modes|
|ASJC Classification||; ; ;|
|License||Journal (articles only); author's original; ; after publication|
|Publication indicators||: 2017 = 1.007; : 2018 = 2.524 (2) - 2018=2.721 (5)|
|Finansowanie||This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.|
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