Structure and Physicochemical Properties of Water Treated under Nitrogen with Low-Temperature Glow Plasma

Jarosław Chwastowski , Katarzyna Ciesielska , Wojciech Ciesielski , Karen Khachatryan , Henryk Kołoczek , Damian Kulawik , Zdzisław Oszczęda , Piotr Tomasik , Mariusz Witczak

Abstract

Water treated with low-temperature, low-pressure glow plasma (GP) in contact with air stimulates various microorganisms, the growth of various plants and provides healthy breeding of various animals. In this paper, we present water treated with GP under oxygen-free nitrogen. It is potentially suitable for breeding anaerobic microorganisms, and increasing the crops of plants utilizing atmospheric nitrogen. Deionized water saturated with oxygen-free nitrogen was treated for 5 to 90 min with low-temperature glow plasma (GP). That operation produced nitrogen in various exited states depending on the treatment time. These excited nitrogen molecules built aqueous clathrates around them. The number and structure of those clathrates depended on the time of the treatment with GP. In terms of mass, density, pH, conductivity, surface tension, Ultraviolet-Visible (UV-VIS), Fourier Transformation Infrared (FTIR), Raman and Electron Spin Resonance (ESR) spectra as well as Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC), the macrostructure of water saturated with nitrogen treated with GP strongly depended on the treatment time. Based on the entropy criterion, the macrostructure formed on 30 and 5 min treatment was the most and least organized, respectively.
Author Jarosław Chwastowski - Institute of Chemistry and Inorganic Technology, Krakow University of Technology
Jarosław Chwastowski,,
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, Katarzyna Ciesielska - Instytut Chemii, Nauk o Zdrowiu i Żywności Uniwersytet Humanistyczno-Przyrodniczy im. Jana Długosza w Częstochowie
Katarzyna Ciesielska,,
-
, Wojciech Ciesielski - Instytut Chemii, Nauk o Zdrowiu i Żywności Uniwersytet Humanistyczno-Przyrodniczy im. Jana Długosza w Częstochowie
Wojciech Ciesielski,,
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, Karen Khachatryan (FoFT / DoCh)
Karen Khachatryan,,
- Department of Chemistry
, Henryk Kołoczek - Institute of Chemistry and Inorganic Technology, Krakow University of Technology
Henryk Kołoczek,,
-
, Damian Kulawik - Instytut Chemii, Nauk o Zdrowiu i Żywności Uniwersytet Humanistyczno-Przyrodniczy im. Jana Długosza w Częstochowie
Damian Kulawik,,
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, Zdzisław Oszczęda - Nantes Nanotechnological Systems
Zdzisław Oszczęda,,
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, Piotr Tomasik - Nantes Nanotechnological Systems
Piotr Tomasik,,
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, Mariusz Witczak (FoFT / DoEaMiFI)
Mariusz Witczak,,
- Department of Engineering and Machinery in Food Industry
Journal seriesWater, [Water (Switzerland)], ISSN 2073-4441, (N/A 70 pkt)
Issue year2020
Vol12
No5
Pages1-13
Publication size in sheets0.6
Article number1314
Keywords in Englishclathrate hydrates; FTIR; glow plasma; nitrogen excited states; water stretching modes
ASJC Classification1104 Aquatic Science; 1303 Biochemistry; 3305 Geography, Planning and Development; 2312 Water Science and Technology
DOIDOI:10.3390/w12051314
URL https://www.mdpi.com/2073-4441/12/5/1314/pdf
Languageen angielski
LicenseJournal (articles only); author's original; Uznanie Autorstwa (CC-BY); after publication
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Structure and Physicochemical Properties of Water Treated under Nitrogen with Low-Temperature Glow Plasma of 11-05-2020
2,71 MB
Score (nominal)70
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2017 = 1.007; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 2.524 (2) - 2018=2.721 (5)
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FinansowanieThis research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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