Maternal Inheritance in Hybrids of Three Honey Bee Subspecies

Paweł Węgrzynowicz , Dariusz Gerula , Adam Tofilski , Beata Panasiuk , Małgorzata Bieńkowska

Abstract

The identification of honey bee (Apis mellifera) subspecies is often based on the measurements of workers’ fore-wings. The interpretation of the measurements can be difficult because the phenotype of workers is affected by both genetic and environmental factors. Moreover, it is not clear how the phenotype is affected by maternal inheritance. We have used the methodology of geometric morphometrics to verify if hybrids of honey bee subspecies and their backcrosses are more similar to either the father or mother colony. The comparison was based on fore-wing venation of three honey bee subspecies: A. m. carnica, A. m. caucasica, A. m. mellifera. First generation hybrids and backcrosses of those subspecies were obtained through instrumental insemination. Workers of the hybrids were compared with their parental colonies. The shape of wing venation was more similar to the maternal than to parental colony. This phenomenon was particularly visible in first generation of hybrids but it was also present in backcrosses. There were also symptoms of genetic dominance of some subspecies but this effect interacted with maternal inheritance and was difficult to interpret.
Author Paweł Węgrzynowicz
Paweł Węgrzynowicz,,
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, Dariusz Gerula
Dariusz Gerula,,
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, Adam Tofilski (FoBaH / DoPaA)
Adam Tofilski,,
- Department of Pomology and Apiculture
, Beata Panasiuk
Beata Panasiuk,,
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, Małgorzata Bieńkowska
Małgorzata Bieńkowska,,
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Journal seriesJournal of Apicultural Science, ISSN 1643-4439, e-ISSN 2299-4831, (N/A 70 pkt)
Issue year2019
Vol63
No1
Pages131-138
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in Englishbee queens, hybrids, maternal inheritance, morphometric analysis, subspecies, wing venation
ASJC Classification1109 Insect Science; 1110 Plant Science
DOIDOI:10.2478/jas-2019-0010
URL https://content.sciendo.com/downloadpdf/journals/jas/63/1/article-p131.xml
Languageen angielski
LicenseJournal (articles only); author's original; Uznanie Autorstwa - Bez Utworów Zależnych (CC-BY-ND); after publication
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Maternal Inheritance in Hybrids of Three Honey Bee Subspecies 818,86 KB
Score (nominal)70
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 0.645; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 0.804 (2) - 2018=1.007 (5)
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