Influence of auxins on somatic embryogenesis and alkaloid accumulation in Leucojum aestivum callus
Agata Ptak , Anna El Tachny , Edyta Skrzypek , Tomasz Wójtowicz , Dominique Laurain-Mattar
AbstractIn vitro cultures of Leucojum aestivum are considered as an alternative for the production of galanthamine, which is used for the symptomatic treatment of Alzheimer’s disease. We studied the effects of auxins 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D), 4-amino-3,5,6-trichloropicolinic acid (picloram), 3,6-dichloro-o-anisic acid (dicamba) at concentrations of 25 and 50 µM on the induction of embryogenic callus and its capacity to induce somatic embryogenesis and alkaloid accumulation. The embryogenic response of the explants was from 30% for 25 µM of dicamba to 100% for picloram (for both 25 and 50 µM). 2,4-D (50 µM) stimulated greater callus proliferation and somatic embryo induction as compared to the other auxins. Polyethylene glycol (PEG) stimulated somatic embryo maturation. Callus grown on media containing 50 µM of auxins produced fewer phenolic compounds as compared with callus grown on media containing 25 µM of auxins. GC-MS analyses showed seven alkaloids in the in vivo bulbs and two to four in callus culture. Galanthamine was detected in callus cultivated with 2,4-D (25, 50 µM), picloram (25 µM), and dicamba (50 µM). Other alkaloids, trisphaeridine, tazettine, and 11-hydroxyvittatine were accumulated only in callus growing on medium with picloram (50 µM).
|Journal series||Central European Journal of Biology, ISSN 1895-104X, [1644-3632 ], (A 20 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||Somatic embryos, 2,4-D, Dicamba, Picloram, Alkaloids, Phenolic compounds|
|ASJC Classification||; ; ;|
|Publication indicators||= 14; : 2013 = 0.633 (2) - 2013=0.748 (5)|
|Citation count*||5 (2015-08-03)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.