The current state of environmental pollution with sulfur dioxide (SO2) in Poland based on sulfur concentration in Scots pine needles

Justyna Likus-Cieślik , Jarosław Socha , Piotr Gruba , Marcin Pietrzykowski

Abstract

The current air pollution by SO2due to anthropogenic pressure in Poland was assessed based on sulfurconcentrations in pine needles (Pinus sylvestrisL.). On 308 monitoring sample plots located in pine standsdistributed across Poland, measurements were conducted in mineral soil layers (0e10 cm, 10e40 cm, 40e100 cm) and in the soil organic layer (þ5e0 cm). Samples of Scots pine foliage (current-year needles)were then collected, and the sulfur concentration in these needles was determined. Based on these data,a map of the spatial variability of sulfur concentrations in pine needles was drawn. The mean sulfurconcentration in the pine needles was 854.8 mg kg�1in dry mass. Higher SO2emissions were noted inregions influenced by industry, such as the Upper Silesia and regions under strong urban pressure. Sulfurconcentrations in Scots pine needles were related to the stands' degrees of defoliation. A comparison ofthe current sulfur concentrations in pine needles from biomonitoring in 2015e2016 with those fromprevious biomonitoring (in 1983e1985, byDmuchowski and Bytnerowicz (1995)showed that air qualityhas improved and SO2emissions have decreased.
Author Justyna Likus-Cieślik (FoF / DoEaFB)
Justyna Likus-Cieślik,,
- DEPARTMENT OF ECOLOGY AND FOREST BREEDING
, Jarosław Socha (FoF / IoFRM / DoBaPoF)
Jarosław Socha,,
- DEPARTMENT OF BIOMETRY AND PRODUCTION OF FOREST
, Piotr Gruba (FoF / DoEaFB)
Piotr Gruba,,
- DEPARTMENT OF ECOLOGY AND FOREST BREEDING
, Marcin Pietrzykowski (FoF / DoEaFB)
Marcin Pietrzykowski,,
- DEPARTMENT OF ECOLOGY AND FOREST BREEDING
Journal seriesEnvironmental Pollution, ISSN 0269-7491, e-ISSN 1873-6424, (N/A 100 pkt)
Issue year2020
Vol258
No113559
Pages1-8
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in EnglishSulfur dioxide, Bioindication, Defoliation, Air quality
ASJC Classification2700 General Medicine; 3005 Toxicology; 2307 Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis; 2310 Pollution
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.envpol.2019.113559
URL https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0269749119334608?via%3Dihub
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)100
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 1.578; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 5.714 (2) - 2018=6.152 (5)
Citation count*
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FinansowanieThe research was partially financed by Statutory Funds of the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of Poland, the Depart-ment of Forest Ecology and Reclamation, and the Institute of Forest Ecology and Silviculture [Grant No. DS-3420]. Data collection was supported by the project“Actual and potential site productivity in Poland for main forest forming tree species,”financed by the General Direction of State Forests [agreement no. ER-2717-11/14,15th April 2014] (Report data J. Socha, A. Bruchwald, B. Neroj, P.Gruba, W. Ochał, B. Wertz, M. Pierzchalski. Actual and potential siteproductivity in Poland for main forest forming tree species Finalreport of the project supported by State Forests National Forest Holding, 2017)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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