Expression of vitamin D receptor in the porcine uterus and effect of 1,25(OH)2D3 on progesterone and estradiol-17β secretion by uterine tissues in vitro
Małgorzata Grzesiak , Ewa Waszkiewicz , Magdalena Wojtas , Kinga Kowalik , Anita Franczak
AbstractVitamin D3 acting via its nuclear receptor (VDR) was shown to target many reproductive tissues and regulate their function. Nevertheless, little is known about the role of vitamin D3 and VDR in the uterus. We hypothesized that VDR expression profile varies in the porcine uterus throughout the course of the estrous cycle, and 1,25(OH)2D3 influences uterine steroidogenic activity. The aim of this study was to investigate VDR mRNA expression, VDR protein abundance and immunolocalization in the porcine endometrium and myometrium harvested on Days 2–5, 12–13, 15–16 and 18–20 of the estrous cycle. Additionally, in studied pigs, 25OHD concentration in plasma and uterine flushings was determined by RIA. The effect of 1,25(OH)2D3 (10, 50 and 100 ng/mL) in vitro on progesterone (P4) and estradiol-17β (E2) release by endometrial and myometrial slices obtained on Days 12–13 of the estrous cycle was also examined. Nuclear VDR immunostaining was found in endometrial (luminal and glandular epithelium, stromal cells) and myometrial cells throughout examined days of the estrous cycle. In the endometrium, the highest VDR mRNA expression was observed on Days 12–13 and 18–20, whereas the greatest VDR protein abundance was noted only on Days 12–13 of the estrous cycle. In the myometrium, either VDR transcript or protein level was the greatest on Days 12–13. Interestingly, the highest 25OHD concentration in plasma and uterine flushings was shown also on Days 12–13 of the estrous cycle. 1,25(OH)2D3 did not affect P4 release by uterine slices while myometrial release of E2 was significantly increased in response to 1,25(OH)2D3 (10 and 50 ng/mL). Overall, obtained results indicate that porcine uterus is a target tissue for vitamin D3 throughout the entire estrous cycle. VDR mRNA expression and protein abundance altered within uterine tissues depending on studied days of the estrous cycle with the greatest protein abundance during mid-luteal phase of the estrous cycle in both uterine tissues. In addition, 1,25(OH)2D3 significantly increased myometrial release of E2 on Days 12–13 of the estrous cycle. These results suggest the role of vitamin D3-VDR system in the uterus, especially as a regulator of myometrial estrogenic activity in pigs during mid-luteal phase of the estrous cycle.
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