Multiannual Assessment of the Risk of Surface Water Erosion and Metal Accumulation Indices in the Flysch Stream Using the MARS Model in the Polish Outer Western Carpathians

Wiktor Halecki , Tomasz Kowalik , Andrzej Bogdał

Abstract

The anthropogenic problems in richly sculpted areas (mountain and submontane) are mainly related to agricultural activity, which shapes the quality of surface waters. This paper presents an analysis of the results of the hydrochemical tests carried out in the years 2007–2018 at check-control spots. The heavy metal pollution index (HPI <100) indicated a low risk for aquatic organisms. The statistical calculations obtained by means of multivariate adaptive regression splines (MARS) designated that the hazard quotient (HQ) index can be combined with the electrical conductivity (EC) and total dissolved substances (TDS) parameters used in the assessment of water erosion. The HQ index showed that the concentration of individual heavy metals is lower than their value in the 0.5 percentile of the value. In subsequent studies, it should be assessed whether the size of arable land has an impact on the increased concentration of heavy metals in the surface water. We recommend small retention reservoirs as a potential management measure to improve the quality of the surface water at a regional scale. This study has great potential to mitigate the degradation processes related to the insufficient storage capacity, and to promote natural water retention.
Author Wiktor Halecki (FoEEaLS / DoLRaED)
Wiktor Halecki,,
- Department of Land Reclamation and Environmental Development
, Tomasz Kowalik (FoEEaLS / DoLRaED)
Tomasz Kowalik,,
- Department of Land Reclamation and Environmental Development
, Andrzej Bogdał (FoEEaLS / DoLRaED)
Andrzej Bogdał,,
- Department of Land Reclamation and Environmental Development
Journal seriesSustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, (N/A 70 pkt)
Issue year2019
Vol11
Pages1-24
Publication size in sheets1.15
Article number7189
Keywords in EnglishSurface water quality; flysch stream; heavy metals; catchment use; soil and water conservation; multivariate analysis
ASJC Classification3305 Geography, Planning and Development; 2105 Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment; 2308 Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
DOIDOI:10.3390/su11247189
URL https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/11/24/7189/pdf
Languageen angielski
LicenseJournal (articles only); author's original; Uznanie Autorstwa (CC-BY); after publication
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Multiannual Assessment of the Risk of Surface Water Erosion and Metal Accumulation Indices in the Flysch Stream Using the MARS Model in the Polish Outer Western Carpathians of 17-12-2019
4,34 MB
Score (nominal)70
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 0.911; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 2.592 (2) - 2018=2.801 (5)
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