Invasion of Rosa rugosa induced changes in soil nutrients and microbial communities of coastal sand dunes

Anna M. Stefanowicz , Szymon Zubek , Małgorzata Stanek , Irena Grześ , Elżbieta Rożej-Pabijan , Janusz Błaszkowski , Marcin W. Woch

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of R. rugosa invasion on soil physicochemical and microbial properties of coastal sand dunes. The study was performed at 25 paired invaded-native plots along the Hel Peninsula at the coast of the Baltic Sea. A number of soil physicochemical and microbial parameters were measured, namely organic matter layer thickness, pH, electrical conductivity, organic C, total Ca, N, Na, P, N-NH4, N-NO3 and P-PO4 concentrations, phospholipid and neutral fatty acid (PLFA, NLFA) markers of total microbial, bacterial, fungal biomass and microbial community structure, as well as arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) spore and species numbers, and the degree of AMF root colonization. Since potential alterations in soil parameters induced by R. rugosa may be related to large amounts of secondary metabolites provided to the soil with litter or root exudates, total phenolic concentration in senescing tissues of R. rugosa and native species was compared. Rosa rugosa invasion was associated with increased organic C, total N and P-PO4 concentrations in mineral soil relative to native vegetation. Organic matter layer under R. rugosa was thicker, had higher pH and Ca concentration. Rosa rugosa invasion was associated with reduced total microbial, bacterial and G+ bacterial biomass and increased AMF biomass markers (16:1ω5 NLFA and 16:1ω5 NLFA/PLFA), and changes in microbial community structure in mineral soil. The reduction in total and bacterial biomass under R. rugosa might have been related to the production of secondary metabolites as total phenolic concentration was approx. 5 times higher in senescing tissues of R. rugosa than in native vegetation. The observed increase in element concentrations and alterations in microbial community structure suggest that invasion of R. rugosa may threaten nutrient-poor habitats of coastal dunes. Changes in the soil environment may hinder restoration of these valuable habitats after invader removal.
Author Anna M. Stefanowicz
Anna M. Stefanowicz,,
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, Szymon Zubek
Szymon Zubek,,
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, Małgorzata Stanek
Małgorzata Stanek,,
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, Irena Grześ (FoAS / IoAS)
Irena Grześ,,
- Institute of Animal Science
, Elżbieta Rożej-Pabijan
Elżbieta Rożej-Pabijan,,
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, Janusz Błaszkowski
Janusz Błaszkowski,,
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, Marcin W. Woch
Marcin W. Woch,,
-
Journal seriesScience of the Total Environment, ISSN 0048-9697, e-ISSN 1879-1026, (N/A 200 pkt)
Issue year2019
Vol677
Pages340-349
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in EnglishPlant invasion, Rosa rugosa, Coastal sand dunes, Soil microbial communities, Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, Element concentration
ASJC Classification2304 Environmental Chemistry; 2305 Environmental Engineering; 2310 Pollution; 2311 Waste Management and Disposal
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.04.408
URL https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S004896971931959X/pdfft?md5=28b9cc955eefccaf5ddc1b159d88cc6c&pid=1-s2.0-S004896971931959X-main.pdf
Internal identifierWHiBZ/2019/30
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)200
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 1.849; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 5.589 (2) - 2018=5.727 (5)
Citation count*
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FinansowanieThe research was funded by the National Science Centre, Poland, under the project DEC-2017/01/X/NZ8/01805. It also received financial support from the W. Szafer Institute of Botany, Polish Academy of Sciences, and the Institute of Botany of the Jagiellonian University (K/ZDS/007340, K/ZDS/008054)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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