Monitoring and assessment of cadmium, lead, zinc and copper concentrations in arable roadside soils in terms of different traffic conditions
Artur Szwalec , Paweł Mundała , Renata Kędzior , Justyna Pawlik
AbstractQuantification of the contributions from traffic source to arable roadside soil heavy metal loadings is a challenge. The contribution depends on: traffic intensity, road type and distance from the road. At a field scale (3.9 ha), 720 topsoil samples were taken. The aim of the study was to monitor and assess the impact of regional/local roads with various conditions of traffic and period of use on the distribution of Cd, Zn, Pb and Cu in the arable roadside topsoil in their vicinity. PCA indicated the occurrence of two main gradients of 11 environmental elements influencing the distribution of heavy metals in the soils of the neighbouring land. The first gradient was associated mainly with the distance from the edge of the road. The second gradient was associated with the degree of contamination of the soils and with the road type, defined by the traffic volume and period of being use. Anova reviled lack of influence of the factors for Cu contents. Unlike Cu, for Cd, Pb and Zn, the significant impact was observed for both factors and interactions between them. The concentrations of Cd, Pb and Zn, regardless of the distance from the road were 0.21–0.58 mg Cd kg−1 d.m., 13.60–41.96 mg Pb kg−1 d.m. and 40.31–63.97 mg Zn kg−1 d.m. In case of increasing distance from the road, generally the contents of Pb, Zn and Cd contents were decreasing. However, only in the case the oldest and carrying the highest traffic road was a clear, statistically significant differences noted for following distances from the road on the content of Cd, Pb and Zn. Analysis of spread gave trend curves, for Pb, Cd and Zn they were parabolas. The curves let reduce sapling distances to 65 m, 45 and 47 m for Cd, Pb and Zn, respectively.
|Journal series||Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, ISSN 0167-6369, e-ISSN 1573-2959, (N/A 70 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.55|
|Keywords in English||Arable topsoil monitoring, Heavy metals, Traffic emissions, Secondary roads|
|ASJC Classification||; ; ;|
|License||Journal (articles only); author's original; ; after publication|
|Publication indicators||= 0; : 2018 = 1.01; : 2018 = 1.959 (2) - 2018=2.198 (5)|
|Finansowanie||This study was financially supported by DS-3337/KEKiOP/2018. The study was financed from the subsidy of the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of Poland for University of Agriculture in Krakow for a year 2020|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.