Tarantobelus arachnicida (Nematoda: Rhabditida) invasion of exotic spiders in Poland
Anna Wyrobisz-Papiewska , Jerzy Kowal , Elżbieta Łopieńska-Biernat , Sławomir Kornaś , Marta Basiaga , Paweł Nosal , Sławomir Rubaj , Wojciech Pałasz
AbstractNematodes of the Brevibuccidae family were stated among spiders of the Theraphosidae family (the South American species), which were bred in Poland. The first sign of infection was anorexia which led to gradually increasing lethargy progressed to a huddled posture. Additionally, a white discharge with nematodes between mouth and chelicerae was noted. All of the derived nematodes were morphologically identified and determined to the species Tarantobelus arachnicida. A molecular analysis covered amplification and sequencing of small subunit ribosomal RNA (18S rRNA). A post mortem examination demonstrated the presence of nematodes not only near the chelicerae, but also inside the intestine, hence the source of infection might be insects used as a food. The research showed that such kind of infection is an important disease, which poses a serious risk to the breeding spiders. To date there is no effective treatment, however, we demonstrated that usage of the Lugol’s solution seems to be promising.
|Journal series||Annals of Parasitology, [Annals of Parasitology], ISSN 2299-0631, e-ISSN 2300-6706, (N/A 40 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||nematodes, parasites, Brevibuccidae, Tarantobelus arachnicida, Theraphosidae, diagnosis|
|Finansowanie||This research was financed by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Republic of Poland.|
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