Yield structure components of autumn- and spring-sown pea (Pisum sativum L.)

Reinhard W. Neugschwandtner , Alexander Bernhuber , Stefan Kammlander , Helmut Wagentristlb , Agnieszka Klimek-Kopyra , Hans-Peter Kaula

Abstract

Climate change brings increasing attention to winter sowing of traditionally spring sown crops. Crop stand height, soil coverage, grain yield and yield components of six winter pea varieties and one spring pea variety were compared in eastern Austrian growing conditions in 2014 and 2015. Crop stands of winter pea were taller up to the end of May before they declined and crop stands of spring pea were taller from early June on. Winter pea covered the soil at least partly over winter and showed faster soil coverage in spring. At the end of May, just some weeks before harvest, spring pea attained equal soil coverage. Grain yield of winter pea was almost double that of spring pea due to higher pod density whereas spring pea produced more grains pod−1 than four out of six winter pea varieties and a higher thousand grain weight than all winter pea varieties. Consequently, grain density was higher for winter pea while the single pod yield was higher for spring pea. Growing winter peas in Central Europe might be a good strategy for increasing grain legume productivity and thereby European feed protein production.
Author Reinhard W. Neugschwandtner
Reinhard W. Neugschwandtner,,
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, Alexander Bernhuber
Alexander Bernhuber,,
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, Stefan Kammlander
Stefan Kammlander,,
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, Helmut Wagentristlb
Helmut Wagentristlb,,
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, Agnieszka Klimek-Kopyra (FoAaE / DoAaPP)
Agnieszka Klimek-Kopyra,,
- Department of Agroecology and Plant Production
, Hans-Peter Kaula
Hans-Peter Kaula,,
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Journal seriesActa Agriculturae Scandinavica Section B-Soil and Plant Science, [Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica - Section B Soil and Plant Science], ISSN 0906-4710, e-ISSN 1651-1913, (N/A 40 pkt)
Issue year2020
Vol70
No2
Pages109-116
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in EnglishPea, autumn-sowing, spring-sowing, yield components, soil cover
ASJC Classification1102 Agronomy and Crop Science; 1111 Soil Science
DOIDOI:10.1080/09064710.2019.1676463
URL https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09064710.2019.1676463
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)40
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 0.619; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 0.81 (2) - 2018=0.947 (5)
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