The Scarecrow as an Indicator of Changes in the Cultural Heritage of Rural Poland

Karol Król , Robert Kao , Józef Hernik

Abstract

Scarecrows were commonly featuredin rural landscapes until recently. There are numerous rituals associated with creating a scarecrow and erecting it in the field, with many legends being linked to this character.The scarecrow itself has counterparts in many countries worldwide. However, with civilisation progressingand characterised withan emphasis on economic efficiency and agricultural engineering in the present day, scarecrows are disappearing from the rural landscape. Advanced electronic devices replace them, while scarecrows end up in museums and open-air museums calledskansens, as well as beingon display at local village festivals. The goal of this paper is to investigate the past and present functions of the scarecrow in rural areas in Poland as an indicator of changes occurring inthe cultural heritage in these areas. The survey and field studies were carried out in selected localities in Małopolskie Voivodeship that exhibited distinct qualities related to rural cultural heritage. The study involved photographic documentation and a diagnostic survey using the structured direct interview technique. The interview focused on local community leaders. Resultingly, scarecrows were demonstrated to be an essential indicator of changes in Poland’s rural cultural heritage.
Author Karol Król (FoEEaLS / DoSPaLA)
Karol Król,,
- Department of Spatial Planning and Landscape Architecture
, Robert Kao
Robert Kao,,
-
, Józef Hernik (FoEEaLS / DoSPaLA)
Józef Hernik,,
- Department of Spatial Planning and Landscape Architecture
Journal seriesSustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, (N/A 70 pkt)
Issue year2019
Vol11
No23
Pages1-23
Publication size in sheets1.1
Article number6857
Keywords in EnglishScarecrow; folk customs; cultural heritage; rural areas; socio-economic development
ASJC Classification3305 Geography, Planning and Development; 2105 Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment; 2308 Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
DOIDOI:10.3390/su11236857
URL https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/11/23/6857/pdf
Languageen angielski
LicenseJournal (articles only); author's original; Uznanie Autorstwa (CC-BY); after publication
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The Scarecrow as an Indicator of Changes in the Cultural Heritage of Rural Poland of 03-12-2019
1,24 MB
Score (nominal)70
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 0.911; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 2.592 (2) - 2018=2.801 (5)
Citation count*
Additional fields
FinansowanieThis study was financed by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Republic of Poland under the project: “Cultural heritage of small homelands” No PPI/APM/2018/1/00010/U/001 financed by the Polish National Agency for Academic Exchange as part of the International Academic Partnerships
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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