Yield forming effect of application of compost containing polymer materials enriched in biocomponents

Florian Gambuś , Jerzy Wieczorek , Tomasz Czech , Olga Gorczyca , Iwona Spałek , Katarzyna Urbańska , Jacek Babula , Monika Mierzwa-Hersztek , Henryk Rydarowski , Michał Kopeć

Abstract

In a pot experiment the impact of composts containing polymeric materials modified with biocomponents on the diversity of crops of oats and mustard was examined. The composts used in the study were produced in the laboratory from wheat and rape straw, and pea seed cleaning waste with 8-percent addition of chopped biopolymer materials (films) which were prepared in the Central Mining Institute (GIG) in Katowice. Three polymers differing in content of starch and density were selected for the composting. The pot experiment was conducted on three substrates: light and medium soil and on the sediment obtained after flotation of zinc and lead ores, coming from the landfill ZGH “Boleslaw” S.A. in Bukowno. The need for using such materials and substrates results from the conditions of processing some morphological fractions of municipal waste and from improving methods of reclamation. Yield enhancing effect of composts depends on the substrate on which the compost was used, cultivated plants and crop succession. Application of composts prepared with 8% of polymeric materials based on polyethylene, modified with starch as biocomponent, resulted in significantly lower yields in sandy (light) soil in case of oats and, in some cases, in medium soil. Subsequent plant yield did not differ significantly between the objects fertilized with compost.
Author Florian Gambuś (FoAE / DoAaECh)
Florian Gambuś,,
- Department of Agricultural and Environmental Chemistry
, Jerzy Wieczorek (FoAE / DoAaECh)
Jerzy Wieczorek,,
- Department of Agricultural and Environmental Chemistry
, Tomasz Czech (FoAE / DoAaECh)
Tomasz Czech,,
- Department of Agricultural and Environmental Chemistry
, Olga Gorczyca (FoAE / DoAaECh)
Olga Gorczyca,,
- Department of Agricultural and Environmental Chemistry
, Iwona Spałek (FoAE / DoAaECh)
Iwona Spałek,,
- Department of Agricultural and Environmental Chemistry
, Katarzyna Urbańska (FoAE / DoAaECh)
Katarzyna Urbańska,,
- Department of Agricultural and Environmental Chemistry
, Jacek Babula (FoAE / DoAaECh)
Jacek Babula,,
- Department of Agricultural and Environmental Chemistry
, Monika Mierzwa-Hersztek (FoAE / DoAaECh)
Monika Mierzwa-Hersztek,,
- Department of Agricultural and Environmental Chemistry
, Henryk Rydarowski
Henryk Rydarowski,,
-
, Michał Kopeć (FoAE / DoAaECh)
Michał Kopeć,,
- Department of Agricultural and Environmental Chemistry
Journal seriesJournal of Ecological Engineering (Inżynieria Ekologiczna), ISSN 2299-8993, (B 12 pkt)
Issue year2014
Vol15
No1
Pages81-86
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in Englishcompost, polyethylene-based polymer, biocomponent, plant yielding
DOIDOI:10.12911/22998993.1084222
URL http://www.jeeng.net/Yield-forming-effect-of-application-of-composts-containing-polymer-materials-enriched-in-biocomponents,61,0,2.html
Internal identifierWRE/2014/69
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)12
Score sourcejournalList
Citation count*
Additional fields
FinansowanieUnia Europejska Europejski Fundusz Rozwoju Regionalnego, projekt BIOMASA (POIG 01.01.02-10-123/09)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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