The effect of different genotypes on the seed stalk construction, yield and quality of table beet (Beta vulgaris L.) clusters
AbstractThe present experiment evaluated the seed stalk morphology, cluster yield and seed quality of 12 genotypes of mono- and multigerm seed lines and cultivars of table beet (Beta vulgaris L.). This particular study included a new monogerm seed line – AR79. The experiment was conducted over two years (2011-2012) in field conditions. Two sizes of red beet stecklings were planted; small with a diameter between 4-6 cm and large with a diameter over 8 cm. Standard crop management practices, as recommended for table beet production under Polish conditions, were followed. The seed stalk architecture of new monogerm seed line AR79 was typical for the species, but it showed a tendency to form bush type seed stalks with greater numbers of late-maturing shoots, as compared to the other genotypes. The mean cluster weight per plant for AR79 was almost two times lower than the other lines and cultivars. The germination capacity of AR79 seeds was slightly lower than in the other genotypes, but the germination rate was very high. The steckling size did have an effect on the seed stalk height and cluster yield. The seed stalks of larger stecklings were higher and better yielded than the smaller ones. This study has expanded the knowledge about the generative growth period of table beet. The obtained results will facilitate Polish breeding programs aimed at the selection of new monogerm seed red beet lines.
|Journal series||Journal of International Scientific Publications: Agriculture & Food, ISSN 1314-8591, (0 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||germination, monogerm seed, multigerm seed, red beet, stecklings|
|Finansowanie||The presented research was financially supported by the Ministry of Agriculture and rural Development. Project No. HOR hn 801-22/12.|
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