Changes in Hematological Parameters, and Copper and Iron Concentrations in Tissues of Prussian Carp During Depuration Period After the Previous Exposure to Copper in Water

Ewa Łuszczek-Trojnar , Dawid Grosiki , Ewa Drąg-Kozak , Iwona Guja , Włodzimierz Popek

Abstract

The purpose of the present paper was to investigate the process of copper elimination and iron concentration variations in the body of Prussian carp after short-term exposure (2.5 or 5 hours) to a sublethal concentration of this metal in water, and to identify the hematological changes occurring in peripheral blood during exposure and depuration. Prussian carps (Carassius gibelio Bloch, 1782) were exposed to 2 mg Cu L -1 for 2.5 or 5 hours. During the 336 hours of depuration period, a concentration of red blood cells RBC, white blood cells WBC and hematocrit, as well as Cu and Fe concentration in gills, liver, muscle and kidney were determined. Significant decrease in WBC and RBC after the exposure cessation was observed and the increase in hematocrit value. Cu concentration in studied tissues of Prussian carp was the highest after the exposure cessation, and then was decreasing during the recovery period, reaching control values, except the kidney where the Cu level remained significantly increased till the end of the observation. Even a relatively short exposure to Cu is reflected in a change in normal morphological parameters and microelement metabolism in the tissue, and its effects can be observed for as long as 2 weeks following the end of exposure. Potentially, this means that any shortening of acute exposure may contribute to quicker restoration of homeostasis during depuration with regard to the blood parameters and microelement levels studied.
Author Ewa Łuszczek-Trojnar (DoAS / DoIaF)
Ewa Łuszczek-Trojnar,,
- Department of Ichthyobiology and Fisheries
, Dawid Grosiki (FoAS / DoIaF)
Dawid Grosiki,,
- Department of Ichthyobiology and Fisheries
, Ewa Drąg-Kozak (DoAS / DoIaF)
Ewa Drąg-Kozak,,
- Department of Ichthyobiology and Fisheries
, Iwona Guja (FoAS / DoIaF)
Iwona Guja,,
- Department of Ichthyobiology and Fisheries
, Włodzimierz Popek (DoAS / DoIaF)
Włodzimierz Popek,,
- Department of Ichthyobiology and Fisheries
Journal seriesTurkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, ISSN 1303-2712, (N/A 40 pkt)
Issue year2019
Vol19
No9
Pages753-763
Publication size in sheets0.55
Keywords in EnglishCarassius gibelio, heavy metals, blood parameters, recovery
ASJC Classification1103 Animal Science and Zoology; 1104 Aquatic Science
DOIDOI:10.4194/1303-2712-v19_9_04
URL http://www.trjfas.org/uploads/pdf_1380.pdf
Internal identifierWHiBZ/2018/21
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)40
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 0.612; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 0.738 (2) - 2018=0.938 (5)
Citation count*
Additional fields
FinansowanieThis work was supported by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Republic of Poland project no. DS 3202/KIiR
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