Physico-Chemical Properties of Clay Minerals and Their Use as a Health Promoting Feed Additive

Małgorzata Nadziakiewicz , Sylwia Kehoe , Piotr Micek

Abstract

The contamination of feeds with microbiological or toxicological agents can affect health, productivity and safety of livestock animals and their products. The treatment of feedstuffs to lower the content of undesired substances before feeding is expensive and labor intensive, therefore an alternative is to reduce their gastrointestinal absorption. Different feed additives are available, however the use of clays and clay minerals are ideal for this purpose due to their high specific surface area, adsorption capacity, low or null toxicity for the animal and low cost. A large number of clays available to producers have different structures that are dependent on their mining source, causing diffculty in proper categorization. For this reason properties of phyllosilicates with 1:1 layers (one sheet of SiO4 tetrahedra joined to one sheet of Al- or Mg-octahedra), 2:1 layers (one sheet of Al- or Mg-octahedra between two sheets of Si-tetrahedra), and 2:1:1 layers (a basic 2:1 structure with an interlayer brucite (with cations Mg2+ or Fe2+) or gibbsite (with cation Al3+) sheet) and tectosilicates are described. The role of clay minerals in animal production shows a reduction in diarrhea, better feed conversion ratio, and improved health of many livestock species due to their specific adsorption potential of many feed mycotoxins. Overall, there is growing interest in the use of clays due to their beneficial characteristics, absence of primary toxicity and success in research to reduce animal disease and improve animal production and safety of animal products.
Author Małgorzata Nadziakiewicz (FoAS / DoANaD)
Małgorzata Nadziakiewicz,,
- Department of Animal Nutrition and Dietetics
, Sylwia Kehoe
Sylwia Kehoe,,
-
, Piotr Micek (FoAS / DoANaD)
Piotr Micek,,
- Department of Animal Nutrition and Dietetics
Journal seriesAnimals, ISSN 2076-2615, e-ISSN 2076-2615, (N/A 100 pkt)
Issue year2019
Vol9
No10
Pages1-15
Publication size in sheets0.7
Article number714
Keywords in Englishphyllosilicates; clays; feed decontamination; mycotoxins; animal health; product quality
ASJC Classification3400 General Veterinary; 1103 Animal Science and Zoology
DOIDOI:10.3390/ani9100714
URL https://www.mdpi.com/2076-2615/9/10/714/pdf
Languageen angielski
LicenseJournal (articles only); author's original; Uznanie Autorstwa (CC-BY); after publication
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Physico-Chemical Properties of Clay Minerals and Their Use as a Health Promoting Feed Additive 628,8 KB
Score (nominal)100
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 1.148; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 1.832 (2)
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