Morphological and physiological features of sweet cherry floral organ affecting the potential fruit crop in relation to the rootstock

Ewa Dziedzic , Monika Bieniasz , Barbara Kowalczyk

Abstract

The research concerning the evaluation of floral organ attributes affecting the potential fruit crop in relation to the rootstock was performed on sweet cherries cultivars – ‘Burlat’, ‘Kordia’ and ‘Regina’. Potential fruit crop was estimated based on the following parameters: number of flowers, percentage of fruit-set and fruit mass. Moreover, morphological (flower biometrics, number of pollen in anther) and physiological features (flower phenology, viability and germination of pollen, sensitivity of flowers to winter frost damage) were assessed. Type of rootstock affected even several-day differences in the beginning of flowering period in particular cultivars. In the research of sweet cherry flowering, the stigma availability coefficient for pollinating insects (based on the sweet cherry flower biometry) was calculated for the first time. The coefficient indicates that flower’s architecture and the optimal anther position relative to the stigma promotes the most effective collection and transfer of pollen on the insect's body. Sweet cherry flowers differed according to pollen efficiency depending on the type of cultivar and rootstock. ‘Kordia’ cultivar was characterized by a small number of pollen grains and its poor viability. Gisela 5 rootstock was highly rated in terms of potential crop, due to the large number of flowers on spur and high percentage of fruit setting. ‘Regina’ cultivar had higher winter frost resistance compared to 'Kordia'.
Author Ewa Dziedzic (FoBaH / DoPaA)
Ewa Dziedzic,,
- Department of Pomology and Apiculture
, Monika Bieniasz (FoBaH / DoPaA)
Monika Bieniasz,,
- Department of Pomology and Apiculture
, Barbara Kowalczyk (FoBaH / DoPaA)
Barbara Kowalczyk,,
- Department of Pomology and Apiculture
Journal seriesScientia Horticulturae, ISSN 0304-4238, e-ISSN 1879-1018, (N/A 140 pkt)
Issue year2019
Vol251
Pages127-135
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in EnglishFlower architecture, Flowering, Frost damage, Pollen count, Pollen viability, Prunus
ASJC Classification1108 Horticulture
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.scienta.2019.03.013
URL https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304423819301803?via%3Dihub
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)140
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 1.246; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 1.961 (2) - 2018=2.315 (5)
Citation count*
Additional fields
FinansowanieThis work was supported by the Polish Ministry of Higher Education DS 3506/2017. We thank Pik Instruments Co. for using the SEM microscope.
Cite
Share Share

Get link to the record


* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
Back
Confirmation
Are you sure?