Ecophysiological aspects of in vitro biotechnological studies using somatic embryogenesis of callus tissue toward protecting forest ecosystems

Katarzyna Nawrot-Chorabik , Marcin Pietrzykowski

Abstract

This review on current biotechnological methods in forestry for in vitro tissue cultures to define the effect of stress conditions on trees, concentrates on somatic embryogenesis. Callus tissue, the key product of somatic embryogenesis, grows over a tree wound under ex vitro conditions. Callus tissue can be used in research in areas such as pathogenic susceptibility at the embryonic level, effect of heavy metals, influence of low temperatures (cryopreservation), production of secondary metabolites and transformation of plants. Callus of arborescent plants can be induced in vitro by fungal elicitors to produce secondary metabolites for pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries and are strongly repellant to herbivores and can thus act to protect forests. Analyses of dual cultures demonstrated that callus tissue exposed to a pathogenic fungus responds by synthesizing low-molecular-mass proteins belonging to an immune protein class. Cryopreservation of embryonic callus tissue also has broad applications, e.g., for valuable plant genotypes in gene banks. Without strategies to protect forests against stress factors, forest ecosystems will degrade to the detriment of all life, including humans. In vitro biotechnological research using callus tissue contributes to progress in forestry and the disciplines of ecology, physiology, phytopathology, culture and selection of plants.
Author Katarzyna Nawrot-Chorabik (FoF / FEPI / DoFFMaPoT)
Katarzyna Nawrot-Chorabik,,
- DEPARTMENT OF FOREST FITOPATOLOGY, MYKOLOGY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF TREES
, Marcin Pietrzykowski (FoF / IoEaS / DoEoFaR)
Marcin Pietrzykowski,,
- DEPARTMENT OF ECOLOGY OF FOREST AND RECLAMATION
Journal seriesJournal of Forestry Research, ISSN 1007-662X, e-ISSN 1993-0607, (N/A 40 pkt)
Issue year2019
Vol30
No4
Pages1159-1166
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in EnglishCallus, Environmental stress, Micropropagation, Tissue cultures, Trees
ASJC Classification1107 Forestry
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11676-018-0835-y
URL https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11676-018-0835-y
Languageen angielski
LicenseJournal (articles only); author's original; Uznanie Autorstwa (CC-BY); after publication
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Ecophysiological aspects of in vitro biotechnological studies using somatic embryogenesis of callus tissue toward protecting forest ecosystems 1,52 MB
Score (nominal)40
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 0.668; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 1.155 (2) - 2018=1.247 (5)
Citation count*
Additional fields
FinansowanieProject Funding: The work was supported by DS 3414 theme from the Polish Ministry of Education and Science.
Udział procentowyKatarzyna Nawrot-Chorabik: 90%, Marcin Pietrzykowski: 10%
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