Estimation of Fine Root Biomass of Alders Growing on Technosols Using Two Different Methods

Bartłomiej Świątek , Marcin Chodak , Marcin Pietrzykowski

Abstract

Fine roots play an important role in organic matter accumulation in reclaimed mine soils. However, estimation of the increment of fine root biomass is difficult and none of the existing methods is universal. The paper examined two methods for measurement of fine roots biomass increment (FRBI): i) with using the root-ingrowth core method (RIC) and ii) the monolith sampling method (MSC). The study was conducted under alder plantings (Alnus incana, A. glutinosa and A. viridis) introduced on technosols at a combustion waste disposal site and a former open-cast sand mine. The FRBI determined using MSC method was significantly lower (33–481 g m−2 yr−1) and less variable than the FRBI measured with RIC (85–2317 g m−2 yr−1). However, the results obtained with both methods were correlated (r = 0.70, P = 0,05). Consequently, MSC is better to qualitatively compare the habitats of tree species in terms of their ability to produce fine roots. However, in the initial soils where plants very often produce more fine roots, RIC seems to be more suitable. This method shows the actual ability of trees to produce roots in order to satisfy their life needs when acquiring a new habitat on reclaimed soils. Such information is particularly important in oligotrophic soils where nutrient deficiency may be balanced only by the efficient circulation and decomposition of organic matter (SOM) including the fine roots that die off after each growing season.
Author Bartłomiej Świątek (FoF / IoEaS)
Bartłomiej Świątek,,
- Institute of Forest Ecology and Silviculture
, Marcin Chodak
Marcin Chodak,,
-
, Marcin Pietrzykowski (FoF / IoEaS / DoEoFaR)
Marcin Pietrzykowski,,
- DEPARTMENT OF ECOLOGY OF FOREST AND RECLAMATION
Journal seriesCommunications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, ISSN 0010-3624, e-ISSN 1532-2416, (N/A 40 pkt)
Issue year2019
Vol50
No4
Pages1-8
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in EnglishRoot-ingrowth core method, monolith sampling method, reclamation, post mining waste, alders
ASJC Classification1102 Agronomy and Crop Science; 1111 Soil Science
DOIDOI:10.1080/00103624.2019.1566921
URL https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00103624.2019.1566921
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)40
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 1; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 0.541; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 0.687 (2) - 2018=0.784 (5)
Citation count*
Additional fields
FinansowanieThe study was financed by The National Science Centre, Poland, grant No. 2015/17/B/ST10/02712.
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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