Comparative analysis of bio-raw materials and biofuels
Bohumil Havrland , Tatiana Ivanova , Bogusława Łapczyńska-Kordon , Michel Kolarikova
AbstractThe biofuels made of bio-materials have no adverse environmental impact. In terms of the raw material energy characteristics the biomass from energy crops is similar to the classic fuel wood. The biofuels produce more ash and some chemical elements but this fact does not diminish their important role as fuels of good prospects. From an energy point of view the biofuels have net calorific value of about 16-17 MJ·kg-1and their emissions are usually within the values allowed by relevant standards. This article refers to testing several interesting energy crop energy potential. The experiments aimed at determination of calorific values of plant raw materials were conducted by using the calorimeter MS-10A LAGET in accordance with the European standards. As the result the main factors affecting the calorific value of any plant raw material were chosen; they particularly are as follows: chemical composition and moisture content.
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Book||Malinovska Larisa, Osadcuks Vitalijs (eds.): 12th International Scientific Conference on Engineering for Rural Development - Proceedings, Engineering for Rural Development, vol. 12, 2013, Latvia University of Agriculture Faculty of Engineering , 663 p.|
|Keywords in English||biomass, calorific value, moisture content, energy yield, energy crops|
|Score|| = 10.0, 27-07-2017, BookChapterSeriesAndMatConfByIndicator|
= 15.0, 27-07-2017, BookChapterSeriesAndMatConfByIndicator
|Citation count*||2 (2015-11-05)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.