Comparative analysis of bio-raw materials and biofuels

Bohumil Havrland , Tatiana Ivanova , Bogusława Łapczyńska-Kordon , Michel Kolarikova

Abstract

The biofuels made of bio-materials have no adverse environmental impact. In terms of the raw material energy characteristics the biomass from energy crops is similar to the classic fuel wood. The biofuels produce more ash and some chemical elements but this fact does not diminish their important role as fuels of good prospects. From an energy point of view the biofuels have net calorific value of about 16-17 MJ·kg-1and their emissions are usually within the values allowed by relevant standards. This article refers to testing several interesting energy crop energy potential. The experiments aimed at determination of calorific values of plant raw materials were conducted by using the calorimeter MS-10A LAGET in accordance with the European standards. As the result the main factors affecting the calorific value of any plant raw material were chosen; they particularly are as follows: chemical composition and moisture content.
Author Bohumil Havrland
Bohumil Havrland,,
-
, Tatiana Ivanova
Tatiana Ivanova,,
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, Bogusława Łapczyńska-Kordon (FoPaPE / DoMEaA)
Bogusława Łapczyńska-Kordon,,
- Department of Mechanical Engineering and Agrophysics
, Michel Kolarikova
Michel Kolarikova,,
-
Pages541-544
Publication size in sheets0.5
Book Malinovska Larisa, Osadcuks Vitalijs (eds.): 12th International Scientific Conference on Engineering for Rural Development - Proceedings, Engineering for Rural Development, vol. 12, 2013, Latvia University of Agriculture Faculty of Engineering , 663 p.
Keywords in Englishbiomass, calorific value, moisture content, energy yield, energy crops
URL http://tf.llu.lv/conference/proceedings2013/Papers/100_Havrland_B.pdf
Internal identifierWIPiE/2013/114
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)15
ScoreMinisterial score = 10.0, 27-07-2017, BookChapterSeriesAndMatConfByIndicator
Ministerial score (2013-2016) = 15.0, 27-07-2017, BookChapterSeriesAndMatConfByIndicator
Citation count*2 (2015-11-05)
Additional fields
OświadczenieBogusława Lapczyńska-Kordon
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