Aquaporin 4 in the chicken oviduct during a pause in laying induced by food deprivation
Anna Hrabia , Joanna Socha , Noboru Saito , Małgorzata Grzesiak , Andrzej Sechman
AbstractIn the present study we hypothesize that aquaporin 4 (AQP4) expression in the chicken oviduct would change during a pause in egg laying that was induced by fasting. Accordingly, the aim of this investigation was to examine the AQP4 mRNA and protein expression, and immunolocalization in the chicken oviduct during the course of regression. The experiment was carried out on laying hens subjected to a pause in laying that was induced by food deprivation for 5 days. Control hens were fed ad libitum. The birds were sacrificed on day 6 of the experiment and all segments of the oviduct were isolated, including the infundibulum, magnum, isthmus, shell gland, and vagina. Subsequently, the gene and protein expressions of AQP4 in the tissues were tested by real-time PCR and Western blot, respectively. The relative mRNA expression of AQP4 was the highest in the infundibulum and vagina and the lowest, and least detectable, in the magnum. The level of AQP4 protein was the highest in the infundibulum and the lowest in the magnum. Fasting resulted in a decrease of the AQP4 mRNA expression () in the infundibulum, a decrease in protein abundance () in the shell gland, and an increase in protein level () in the vagina. Immunohistochemistry demonstrated tissue- and cell-dependent localization of AQP4 protein in the oviductal wall. The intensity of staining was as follows: the infundibulum shell gland vagina isthmus ≫ magnum. In the control hens, the immunoreactivity for AQP4 in the vagina was similar, whereas in other oviductal segments, the immunoreactivity was stronger when compared with the chickens subjected to a pause in laying. In summary, these findings suggest that the AQP4 is an essential protein involved in the regulation of water transport required to create a proper microenvironment for fertilization and egg formation in the hen oviduct.
|Other language title versions||Aquaporine 4 dans l’oviducte de poule lors d’une pause de ponte induite par une privation alimentaire|
|Journal series||Comptes Rendus Biologies, [Comptes Rendus - Biologies], ISSN 1631-0691, e-ISSN 1768-3238, (N/A 70 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||AQP4, Pause in laying, Fasting, Oviduct, Chicken|
|ASJC Classification||; ; ;|
|License||Journal (articles only); author's original; ; after publication|
|Publication indicators||: 2018 = 0.73; : 2018 = 1.867 (2) - 2018=1.556 (5)|
|Finansowanie||This work was supported by the Ministry of Sciences and Higher Education, Poland (grant number 0215000000-D204).|
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