The Nitrogen-Fixing Bacteria—Effective Enhancers of Growth and Chemical Composition of Egyptian Henbane under Varied Mineral N Nutrition

Rania M. A. Nassar , Engy A. Seleem , Gianluca Caruso , Agnieszka Sękara , Magdi T. Abdelhamid

Abstract

Egyptian henbane (Hyoscyamus muticus L.) plants are rich sources of alkaloids used in pharmaceutical products. Recently, rising efforts have been devoted to reducing mineral fertilizer supply, production cost, and environmental pollution via decreasing the doses of nitrogenous fertilizers and adopting biofertilizer farming systems. Two field experiments were conducted to examine the potential role of N fixing bacteria Azotobacter spp. and Azospirillum spp. on the growth, mineral status, tropane alkaloids, leaf anatomy, and seed yield of Egyptian henbane grown with different levels of mineral nitrogen fertilizer, i.e., 25%, 50%, and 100% of the recommended dose, equal to 30, 60, and 120 kg N ha−1. N fertilizer improved growth, mineral elements, tropane alkaloids, seed yield, and yield components of Egyptian henbane, which showed a gradually rising trend as the rate of N fertilizer increased. High doses of N fertilizer presumably elicited favorable changes in the anatomical structure of Egyptian henbane leaves. The application of 50% N dose plus N fixing bacteria affected Egyptian henbane trials similarly to 100% of recommended N dose. In conclusion, the N fixing bacteria proved to be a sustainable tool for a two-fold reduction in the recommended dose of mineral N fertilizer and the sustainable management of Egyptian henbane nutrition.
Author Rania M. A. Nassar - Cairo University
Rania M. A. Nassar ,,
-
, Engy A. Seleem - Cairo University, Cairo University
Engy A. Seleem,,
-
, Gianluca Caruso - University of Naples Federico II
Gianluca Caruso,,
-
, Agnieszka Sękara (FoBaH / Department of Horticulture)
Agnieszka Sękara,,
- Department of Horticulture
, Magdi T. Abdelhamid - National Research Centre, Cairo
Magdi T. Abdelhamid,,
-
Journal seriesAgronomy, [Agronomy], ISSN 2073-4395, e-ISSN 2073-4395, (N/A 100 pkt)
Issue year2020
Vol10
No7
Pages1-17
Publication size in sheets0.8
Article number921
Keywords in Englishalkaloids; biofertilizer; elemental composition; Hyoscyamus muticus L.; growth; productivity
ASJC Classification1102 Agronomy and Crop Science
DOIDOI:10.3390/agronomy10070921
URL https://www.mdpi.com/2073-4395/10/7/921/pdf
Languageen angielski
LicenseJournal (articles only); author's original; Uznanie Autorstwa (CC-BY); after publication
File
The Nitrogen-Fixing Bacteria—Effective Enhancers of Growth and Chemical Composition of Egyptian Henbane under Varied Mineral N Nutrition of 30-06-2020
1,74 MB
Score (nominal)100
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 1.272; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 2.259 (2)
Citation count*
Additional fields
FinansowanieThis research was funded by the Faculty of Agriculture, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt, The National Research Centre, Cairo, Egypt, University of Naples Federico II, Italy, and the University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland.
Cite
Share Share

Get link to the record


* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
Back
Confirmation
Are you sure?