Application of the salt stress to the protoplast cultures of the carrot (Daucus carota L.) and evaluation of the response of regenerants to soil salinity

Agnieszka Kiełkowska , Ewa Grzebelus , Agnieszka Lis-Krzyścin , Katarzyna Maćkowska

Abstract

This is the first study to generate carrot plants for enhanced salinity tolerance using a single-cell in vitro system. Protoplasts of three carrot accessions were exposed to treatment by seven different concentrations of NaCl (10–400 mM). Salt concentrations higher than 50 mM decreased plating efficiency and those of 200–400 mM of NaCl completely arrested mitotic divisions of cultured cells. The protoplast-derived plants from the control and 50–100 mM NaCl treatment were subjected to an 8-week salt stress in greenhouse conditions induced by salinized soil (EC 3 and 6 mS cm−1). 50 mM NaCl stress applied in vitro induced polyploidy among regenerated plants. The regenerants obtained from the 50 and 100 mM NaCl-treated protoplast cultures grown in saline soil had a higher survival rate compared to the regenerants from the control cultures. The salt-stressed plants accumulated anthocyanins in petioles and produced denser hairs on leaves and petioles in comparison to the control plants. Salt stress influenced pollen viability and seed setting of obtained regenerants. The results suggest that salt stress applied in vitro in protoplast cultures creates variation which allows alleviating the negative effects of salt stress on the development and reproduction of the carrot.
Author Agnieszka Kiełkowska (FoBaH / IoPBaB)
Agnieszka Kiełkowska,,
- Institute of Plant Biology and Biotechnology
, Ewa Grzebelus (FoBaH / IoPBaB)
Ewa Grzebelus,,
- Institute of Plant Biology and Biotechnology
, Agnieszka Lis-Krzyścin (FoBaH / IoPBaB)
Agnieszka Lis-Krzyścin,,
- Institute of Plant Biology and Biotechnology
, Katarzyna Maćkowska (FoBaH / IoPBaB)
Katarzyna Maćkowska ,,
- Institute of Plant Biology and Biotechnology
Journal seriesPlant Cell Tissue and Organ Culture, [Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture], ISSN 0167-6857, e-ISSN 1573-5044, (N/A 100 pkt)
Issue year2019
Vol137
No2
Pages379-395
Publication size in sheets0.8
Keywords in EnglishAbiotic stress, NaCl, Protoplasts, Soil salinity, Somatic embryogenesis
ASJC Classification1108 Horticulture
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11240-019-01578-7
URL https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11240-019-01578-7
Internal identifierWBIO/2019/14
Languageen angielski
LicenseJournal (articles only); author's original; Uznanie Autorstwa (CC-BY); after publication
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Application of the salt stress to the protoplast cultures of the carrot (Daucus carota L.) and evaluation of the response of regenerants to soil salinity 2,11 MB
Score (nominal)100
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 1; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2017 = 1.122; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 2.2 (2) - 2018=2.232 (5)
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