Rheology of potato starch chemically modified with microwave-assisted reactions

Hanna Staroszczyk , Maciej Fiedorowicz , Joanna Opalińska-Piskorz , Robert Tylingo


Native potato starch was sulfated, selenated, borated, silicated and zincatated by means of microwave-assisted reactions with varying doses of relevant reagents. Resulting products were characterized involving rheological behavior of pastes, their weight-average molecular weight (Mw), and radius of gyration (Rg). Most of the pastes showed shear-thinning behavior, with the flow behavior index (n) below unity. The pastes of starch sulfated and borated with boric acid exhibited n higher than native potato starch paste. They had significantly lower consistency index (K) and plastic viscosity (ηc) and no yield stress (σoc). Mw values of these starches were considerably reduced. The pastes of starch selenate, borate after borax, and silicate after silicic acid, with n lower than native potato starch, had similarly lower K and ηc but, simultaneously, they showed non-zero σoc values, and σoc, Mw and Rg of starch selenate were reagent concentration dependent. Also magnitudes of n, K, ηc, σoc, Mw and Rg of pastes of starch silicate after sodium metasilicate and zincatate were reagent concentration dependent. While their n rose with concentration, K and ηc significantly decreased, and σoc ceased. The effect of temperature on the apparent viscosity of modified starch pastes followed Arrhenius equation.
Author Hanna Staroszczyk
Hanna Staroszczyk,,
, Maciej Fiedorowicz (FoAaE / DoChaP)
Maciej Fiedorowicz,,
- Department of Chemistry and Physics
, Joanna Opalińska-Piskorz (FoAaE / DoChaP)
Joanna Opalińska-Piskorz,,
- Department of Chemistry and Physics
, Robert Tylingo
Robert Tylingo,,
Journal seriesLWT-Food Science and Technology, ISSN 0023-6438, (A 40 pkt)
Issue year2013
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in EnglishBoration, Selenation, Silication, Sulfation, Zincatation, Paste rheology
ASJC Classification1106 Food Science
URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0023643813000200
Internal identifierWRE/2013/2
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)40
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 10; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2013 = 1.819; WoS Impact Factor: 2013 = 2.468 (2) - 2013=3.019 (5)
Citation count*
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FinansowanieNarodowe Centrum Nauki - grant nr NN 312 205 436
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