Influence of Biochar Application on Reduced Acidification of Sandy Soil, Increased Cation Exchange Capacity, and the Content of Available Forms of K, Mg, and P

Krzysztof Gondek , Monika Mierzwa-Hersztek , Michał Kopeć , Jakub Sikora , Tomasz Głąb , Katarzyna Szczurowska

Abstract

Fertilisation has the greatest impact on soil properties, and they in turn decide on the conversion and availability of fertilising compounds. The aim of the tests was to evaluate the influence of low-temperature (300oC) conversion of pig manure and poultry litter on (i) K, Mg, and P contents in biochars and (ii) reduction of acidification, cation exchange capacity, and availability of K, Mg, and P in sandy soil after their application. The tests were conducted in laboratory conditions using 0.5%, 1%, and 2% addition of pig manure, poultry litter, or biochars. Thermal conversion of pig manure and poultry litter increased the content of total forms of K, Mg, and P in biochars and did not significantly increase the content of these elements extracted by water. The introduction of organic materials into the soil, in particular biochar, caused significant reduction in soil acidification and an increase in cation exchange capacity. The contents of available potassium and magnesium increased together with the increase in dose of pig manure-derived and poultry litter-derived biochars. No available forms of phosphorus were found in the soil into which lower (0.5% and 1%) doses of biochar were introduced. Only the highest (2%) dose of biochars and poultry litter caused the release of available P.
Author Krzysztof Gondek (FoAaE / DoAaECh)
Krzysztof Gondek,,
- Department of Agricultural and Environmental Chemistry
, Monika Mierzwa-Hersztek (FoAaE / DoAaECh)
Monika Mierzwa-Hersztek,,
- Department of Agricultural and Environmental Chemistry
, Michał Kopeć (FoAaE / DoAaECh)
Michał Kopeć,,
- Department of Agricultural and Environmental Chemistry
, Jakub Sikora (FoPaPE / IoAEaI)
Jakub Sikora,,
- Institute of Agricultural Engineering and Informatics
, Tomasz Głąb (FoPaPE / IoMEEaPP)
Tomasz Głąb,,
- Institute of Machinery Exploitation, Ergonomics and Production Processes
, Katarzyna Szczurowska (FoAaE / DoAaECh)
Katarzyna Szczurowska,,
- Department of Agricultural and Environmental Chemistry
Journal seriesPolish Journal of Environmental Studies, ISSN 1230-1485, e-ISSN 2083-5906, (N/A 40 pkt)
Issue year2019
Vol28
No1
Pages103-111
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in Englishbiochar, poultry litter, pig manure, soil, cation exchange capacity, potassium, magnesium, phosphorus
ASJC Classification2300 General Environmental Science; 2304 Environmental Chemistry
DOIDOI:10.15244/pjoes/81688
URL http://www.pjoes.com/Influence-of-Biochar-Application-on-Reduced-nAcidification-of-Sandy-Soil-Increased,81688,0,2.html
Internal identifierWRE/2019/3
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)40
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 1; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2017 = 0.631; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 1.186 (2) - 2018=1.3 (5)
Citation count*4 (2020-03-28)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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