Approved genetically modified (GM) horticultural plants: A 25-year perspective

Rafał Barański , Magdalena Klimek-Chodacka , Aneta Łukasiewicz

Abstract

In this review, we present genetically modified (GM) horticultural events that have passed the regulatory process and have been approved for cultivation Or food use in different countries. The first authorization or deregulation of a GM horticultural plant issued 25 years ago initiated a fast expansion of GM horticultural species comprises representatives of vegetables, fruit plants and ornamentals. We describe their unique characteristics, often not achievable by conventional breeding, and how they were developed, and the approval process. Information on the adoption of GM horticultural cultivars and sale is accessed if commercialization has occurred. The review comprises, among others, Flavr SavrTM and other tomato cultivars with delayed ripening and improved shelf-life, insect- resistant eggplant (or brinjal), as well as virus- resistant squash, melon and the common bean, and also fruit trees, plum and papaya. Cultivation of the latter was particularly valuable to farmers in Hawaii as it ensured restoration of papaya production devastated earlier by the Papaya ringspot virus (PRSV). In contrast, a plum resistant to sharka (Plum pox virus; PPV) deregulated in the USA is still awaiting commercialization. GM events with improved quality include the recently marketed non- browning apple and high-lycopene pineapple. We also present orange petunia, blue ‘Applause’ rose and Moon- series carnations with a modified purple and violet flower colour. Finally, we discuss prospects of GM horticultural plants, including their development using promising new breeding technologies relying on genome editing and considered as an alternative to the transgenic approach.
Author Rafał Barański (FoBaH / IoPBaB)
Rafał Barański,,
- Institute of Plant Biology and Biotechnology
, Magdalena Klimek-Chodacka (FoBaH / IoPBaB)
Magdalena Klimek-Chodacka,,
- Institute of Plant Biology and Biotechnology
, Aneta Łukasiewicz (FoBaH / IoPBaB)
Aneta Łukasiewicz,,
- Institute of Plant Biology and Biotechnology
Journal seriesFolia Horticulturae, ISSN 0867-1761, e-ISSN 2083-5965, (N/A 20 pkt)
Issue year2019
Vol31
No1
Pages3-49
Publication size in sheets2.3
Keywords in EnglishAgrobacterium, authorization, commercialization, deregulation, genetic engineering, gene silencing, GM plant production, regulatory process, transgenic crops
ASJC Classification1108 Horticulture
DOIDOI:10.2478/fhort-2019-0001
URL https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=3&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=2ahUKEwisz9Og0qHgAhXusIsKHWMCDdwQFjACegQIARAC&url=https%3A%2F%2Fcontent.sciendo.com%2Fdownloadpdf%2Fjournals%2Ffhort%2Fahead-of-print%2Farticle-10.2478-fhort-2019-0001.xml&usg=AOvVaw2aJJ772BOO2UIZrh6DWcb8
Internal identifierWBIO/2019/1
Languageen angielski
LicenseJournal (articles only); author's original; Uznanie Autorstwa - Użycie Niekomercyjne - Bez utworów zależnych (CC-BY-NC-ND); after publication
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Approved genetically modified (GM) horticultural plants: A 25-year perspective of 06-05-2019
2,43 MB
Score (nominal)20
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 0.644; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 0.532 (2)
Citation count*2 (2020-04-02)
Additional fields
FinansowanieThis review was completed within the University`s statuatory research task financed by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Republic of Poland
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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