An Evaluation of the Genetic Structure of Geese Maintained in Poland on the Basis of Microsatellite Markers

Joanna Warzecha , Maria Oczkowicz , Dominika Rubis , Agnieszka Fornal , Tomasz Szmatoła , Monika Bugno-Poniewierska

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the genetic variability of the White Kołuda® goose and 12 conservative flocks: Kielecka, Podkarpacka, Garbonosa, Pomerian, Rypinska, Landes, Lubelska, Suwalska, Kartuska, Romanska, Slowacka, and Kubanska, maintained in Poland using microsatellite data. The genetic diversity of geese kept in Poland remains poorly analyzed at the molecular level. In total 392 samples were examined with the usage of 15 microsatellite markers. 119 alleles were identified and the number of alleles per locus ranged from 1 to 13. The highest number of alleles was observed in TTUCG5 (16) and the lowest in CAUD-G007 (2), while CKW47 was monomorphic. The lowest value of expected heterozygosity (He) was observed in Landes, while the highest in Romanska. Similarly, the observed heterozygosity (Ho) was the lowest in Landes but the highest in Kartuska. The polymorphism information content (PIC) indicates loci TTUCG5 as the most valuable microsatellite marker among those examined. The Structure software was used for the first time to identify goose populations, revealing high admixture between breeds and their close genetic propinquity. Moreover, the presented panel of microsatellite markers remained polymorphic and is useful for population studies of geese and assessment of genetic diversity.
Author Joanna Warzecha
Joanna Warzecha,,
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, Maria Oczkowicz
Maria Oczkowicz,,
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, Dominika Rubis
Dominika Rubis,,
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, Agnieszka Fornal
Agnieszka Fornal,,
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, Tomasz Szmatoła (VET)
Tomasz Szmatoła,,
- University Centre for Veterinary Medicine UJ-UR
, Monika Bugno-Poniewierska (FoAS / IoVS)
Monika Bugno-Poniewierska,,
- Institute of Veterinary Sciences
Journal seriesAnimals, ISSN 2076-2615, e-ISSN 2076-2615, (N/A 100 pkt)
Issue year2019
Vol9
No10
Pages1-12
Publication size in sheets0.55
Article number737
Keywords in Englishgoose; conservative flocks; microsatellite markers; genetic diversity; structure analysis
ASJC Classification3400 General Veterinary; 1103 Animal Science and Zoology
DOIDOI:10.3390/ani9100737
URL https://www.mdpi.com/2076-2615/9/10/737/pdf
Languageen angielski
LicenseJournal (articles only); author's original; Uznanie Autorstwa (CC-BY); after publication
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An Evaluation of the Genetic Structure of Geese Maintained in Poland on the Basis of Microsatellite Markers of 08-10-2019
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Score (nominal)100
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 1.148; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 1.832 (2)
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FinansowanieThe work financed from the research activities of the National Research Institute of Animal Production, project no. 04-011.1.
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