The Eggplant Yield and Fruit Composition as Affected by Genetic Factor and Biostimulant Application

Alicja Pohl , Aneta Grabowska , Andrzej Kalisz , Agnieszka Sękara

Abstract

Consumer demands regarding eggplant fruits are focused on perfect shape, color, and taste but nutritional and bioactive quality has also become important with rising awareness of food related health. On the other hand, producers value modern cultivars’ earliness, high-yielding, stress-tolerance, and high overall fruit quality. We attempt to link these two standpoints through combining modern hybrids cultivated in the open field of temperate climatic zone with biostimulant application to increase the dynamics of yielding and the quality of fruits. The aim of our research was the determination of the genotypic-dependent response of eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) to Ascophyllum nodosum standardized extract (Göemar BM-86) application in field conditions of Poland, with respect to the most important characteristics linked to yield quality and plant stress status. The early and total yield of investigated hybrids was affected by biostimulant application, and this dependence was confirmed statistically for most of the treatments. The increase of ‘Epic’ F1 and ‘Flavine’ F1 yield potential through Göemar BM-86 application was linked to higher fruit number harvested from the plants, while ‘WA 6020’ F1 led to greater fruit weight. Investigated hybrids responded differently to biostimulant treatment with respect to dietary and pro-health value of fruits. Generally, the content of soluble sugar, anthocyanins, and mineral elements as well as was antioxidant activity of fruits were positively affected by biostimulant application. This tendency was statistically confirmed for several experimental treatments. Presented results give a new perspective on seaweed-based biostimulants as elicitors of crop’s self defense mechanisms as well as modulators of fruit setting, productivity and bioactive compounds accumulation in eggplant.
Author Alicja Pohl (FoBaH)
Alicja Pohl,,
- Faculty of Biotechnology and Horticulture
, Aneta Grabowska (FoBaH / DoVaMP)
Aneta Grabowska,,
- Department of Vegetable and Medicinal Plants
, Andrzej Kalisz (FoBaH / DoVaMP)
Andrzej Kalisz,,
- Department of Vegetable and Medicinal Plants
, Agnieszka Sękara (FoBaH / DoVaMP)
Agnieszka Sękara,,
- Department of Vegetable and Medicinal Plants
Journal seriesNotulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, ISSN 0255-965X, e-ISSN 1842-4309, (N/A 40 pkt)
Issue year2019
Vol47
No3
Pages929-938
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in EnglishAscophyllum nodosum; hybrids; Solanum melongena; stress; yield quality
ASJC Classification1102 Agronomy and Crop Science; 1108 Horticulture; 1110 Plant Science
DOIDOI:10.15835/nbha47311468
URL https://www.notulaebotanicae.ro/index.php/nbha/article/view/11468/8816
Languageen angielski
LicenseJournal (articles only); author's original; Uznanie Autorstwa (CC-BY); after publication
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The Eggplant Yield and Fruit Composition as Affected by Genetic Factor and Biostimulant Application of 20-01-2020
1,41 MB
Score (nominal)40
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 3; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 0.47; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 0.624 (2) - 2018=0.914 (5)
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FinansowanieThis work was supported by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Republic of Poland.
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