Assessment of respiration activity and ecotoxicity of composts containing biopolymers

Michał Kopeć , Krzysztof Gondek , Agnieszka Baran

Abstract

The research was conducted to determine if introducing biodegradable polymer materials to the composting process would affect selected biological properties of mature compost. Determination of biological properties of composts composed of testing their respiration activity and toxicity. Respiration activity was measured in material from the composting process by means of OxiTop Control measuring system. The ecotoxicity of composts was estimated by means of a set of biotests composed of three microbiotests using five test organisms. Introduction of polymer materials caused a decrease in respiration activity of mature compost. Similar dependencies as in the case of mass loss were registered. Compost to which a biodegradable polymer with the highest content of starch was added revealed the smallest difference in comparison with organic material composted without polymers. Lower content of starch in a polymer caused lower respiration activity of composts, whereas microorganism vaccine might have accelerated maturing of composts, thus contributing to the smallest respiration of compost. In composts containing biopolymers the following were observed: an increase in germination inhibition − 2.5 times, roots growth inhibition − 1.8 times, growth inhibition of Heterocypris incongruens − four times and luminescence inhibition of Vibrio fischeri − 1.6 times in comparison with the control (compost K1). Composts containing biopolymers were classified as toxicity class III, whereas the compost without polymer addition as class II.
Author Michał Kopeć (FoAE / DoAaECh)
Michał Kopeć,,
- Department of Agricultural and Environmental Chemistry
, Krzysztof Gondek (FoAE / DoAaECh)
Krzysztof Gondek,,
- Department of Agricultural and Environmental Chemistry
, Agnieszka Baran (FoAE / DoAaECh)
Agnieszka Baran,,
- Department of Agricultural and Environmental Chemistry
Journal seriesEcotoxicology and Environmental Safety, ISSN 0147-6513, (A 30 pkt)
Issue year2013
No89
Pages137-142
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in EnglishCompost, Biodegradable polymer, Respiration activity, Biotest, Toxicity
ASJC Classification2307 Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis; 2739 Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health; 2310 Pollution; 2700 General Medicine
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.ecoenv.2012.11.021
URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0147651312004411
Internal identifierWRE/2013/52
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)30
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 23; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2013 = 1.317; WoS Impact Factor: 2013 = 2.482 (2) - 2013=2.715 (5)
Citation count*35 (2020-04-09)
Additional fields
FinansowanieUnia Europejska, Europejski Fundusz Rozwoju Regionalnego projekt BIOMASA (POIG 01.01.02-10-123/09)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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