The Effect of Light Exposures on the Content of Harmful Substances in Edible Potato Tuber

Katarzyna Rymuza , Marek Gugała , Krystyna Zarzecka , Anna Sikorska , Pavol Findura , Urszula Malaga-Toboła , Krzysztof Kapela , Elżbieta Radzka

Abstract

Background: The impact of light on the content of undesirable substances is particularly important in the case of potatoes available in store where the tubers are exposed to continuous light access. Both washed and unwashed potatoes are available, hence the hypothesis that the amount of harmful substances stored in tubers depends not only on the time of their exposure to light, but also on whether they were washed or not. Methods: In order to verify the hypothesis, laboratory tests were carried out on the tubers of five potato varieties originating from a univariate field experiment. The aim of the study was to analyse the change in the content of total glycoalkaloids (TGA) and nitrates (V) in tubers of five potato varieties depending on the time of light exposition (0, 7, 14 days) and pretreatment of tubers. Results: It has been demonstrated that the content of glycoalkaloids and nitrates in potato tubers depended significantly on the variety, time of exposure to light and pretreatment. Most glycoalkaloids were accumulated in the tubers of the Lord (89.67 mg·kg−1) and Irga (89.05 mg·kg−1) varieties. The time of light exposure significantly influenced the increase in glycoalkaloids and nitrates in the studied potato tubers. The increase in TGA after 14 days ranged from 20.67 mg∙kg−1 for variety Vinieta to 54.67 mg∙kg−1 for variety Irga. The increase in nitrates ranged from 11.67 mg∙kg−1 for variety Bellarosa to 27.50 mg∙kg−1 for variety Irga. Exposure time affected the content of glycoalkaloids in a parabolic manner and the content of nitrates in a linear manner.
Author Katarzyna Rymuza - Siedlce University of Natural Sciences and Humanities
Katarzyna Rymuza,,
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, Marek Gugała - Siedlce University of Natural Sciences and Humanities
Marek Gugała,,
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, Krystyna Zarzecka - Siedlce University of Natural Sciences and Humanities
Krystyna Zarzecka,,
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, Anna Sikorska - Vocational State School of Ignacy Mościcki in Ciechanów
Anna Sikorska,,
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, Pavol Findura (FoPaPE)
Pavol Findura,,
- Faculty of Production and Power Engineering
, Urszula Malaga-Toboła (FoPaPE / Department of Production Engineering, Logistics and Applied Computer Science)
Urszula Malaga-Toboła,,
- Department of Production Engineering, Logistics and Applied Computer Science
, Krzysztof Kapela - Siedlce University of Natural Sciences and Humanities
Krzysztof Kapela,,
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, Elżbieta Radzka - Siedlce University of Natural Sciences and Humanities
Elżbieta Radzka,,
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Journal seriesAgriculture (Switzerland), [Agriculture (Switzerland)], ISSN 2077-0472, e-ISSN 2077-0472, (N/A 100 pkt)
Issue year2020
Vol10
No5
Pages1-11
Publication size in sheets0.5
Article number139
Keywords in Englishglycoalkaloids; nitrates (V); Solanum tuberosum L.; variety; unwashed and washed tubers
ASJC Classification1102 Agronomy and Crop Science; 1106 Food Science; 1110 Plant Science
DOIDOI:10.3390/agriculture10050139
URL https://www.mdpi.com/2077-0472/10/5/139/pdf
Languageen angielski
LicenseJournal (articles only); author's original; Uznanie Autorstwa (CC-BY); after publication
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The Effect of Light Exposures on the Content of Harmful Substances in Edible Potato Tuber 389,83 KB
Score (nominal)100
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper) [Not active]: 2018 = 1.272; WoS Impact Factor: 2019 = 2.072 (2)
Citation count*
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FinansowanieThe research was carried out as part of inter-university cooperation funded by co-authors
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