Risk Assessment for Social Practices in Small Vegetable farms in Poland as a Tool for the Optimization of Quality Management Systems

Marcin Niemiec , Monika Komorowska , Anna Szeląg-Sikora , Jakub Sikora , Maciej Kuboń , Zofia Gródek-Szostak , Joanna Kapusta-Duch


Globalization of the food market is associated with the possibility of selling products into newer markets. However, it is also associated with the necessity to ensure proper quality products. Quality defined by the ISO 9001:2015 standard consists of factors that are part of customers’ expectations concerning the safety of products and the technology of their manufacture. Currently, consumers are looking for products with defined and reproducible sensory properties, in which the content of harmful substances is below the critical values specified by legislation. This is observable particularly in developed countries. The second quality factor is the use of a production technology where negative environmental impacts are reduced. Recently, issues associated with protecting workers’ rights and social needs have also become very important. In successive versions of quality management systems, such as GLOBAL G.A.P. or SAI Platform, social issues are becoming more and more important. The aim of this study was to assess the role of risk analysis for social practices in small farms in building a quality management system. Surveys were conducted in 2018. The surveys covered 62 vegetables or fruit farms with a cultivated area of up to 20 ha. Their lack of staff was due to the character of production. Where mechanic production is possible in small farms, family members can secure workforce demand. To achieve the research objective, a risk analysis was carried out for the implementation of social practices according to the guidelines of the ISO 31000:2018 standard. The criteria and inventory of identified risks were carried out, based on the guidelines of GLOBAL G.A.P. Risk Assessments on Social Practice (GRASP). Based on the identified risks, the areas relating to social practices, which require improvement in order to satisfy compliance with the GLOBAL G.A.P. standard, were indicated. The results of the conducted research pointed to a high risk of good social practices not being carried out and not meeting compliance with the requirements of the GLOBAL G.A.P. standard. The most important identified problems are associated with the deficiency of competent workers as well as the lack of facilities where workers can rest, eat and drink. A considerable problem is the conformity of employment contracts with local legislation and ensuring that work time and rest time are consistent with the law. In conditions of small farms in Poland, the problem with ensuring compliance with the standard in question is often the small number of workers. Creating an organized quality management system in the area of social practices is difficult in these cases, and sometimes even impossible.
Author Marcin Niemiec (FoAE / DoAaECh)
Marcin Niemiec,,
- Department of Agricultural and Environmental Chemistry
, Monika Komorowska (FoBaH / DoVaMP)
Monika Komorowska,,
- Department of Vegetable and Medicinal Plants
, Anna Szeląg-Sikora (FoPaPE / IoAEaI)
Anna Szeląg-Sikora,,
- Institute of Agricultural Engineering and Informatics
, Jakub Sikora (FoPaPE / IoAEaI)
Jakub Sikora,,
- Institute of Agricultural Engineering and Informatics
, Maciej Kuboń (FoPaPE / IoAEaI)
Maciej Kuboń,,
- Institute of Agricultural Engineering and Informatics
, Zofia Gródek-Szostak
Zofia Gródek-Szostak,,
, Joanna Kapusta-Duch (FoFT / DoHN)
Joanna Kapusta-Duch,,
- Department of Human Nutrition
Journal seriesSustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, (N/A 70 pkt)
Issue year2019
Publication size in sheets0.3
Article number3913
Keywords in EnglishGLOBAL G.A.P.; GRASP; quality management systems; certification; primary production; social practice
ASJC Classification3305 Geography, Planning and Development; 2105 Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment; 2308 Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
URL https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/11/14/3913/pdf
Internal identifierWTŻ/2019/60
Languageen angielski
LicenseJournal (articles only); author's original; Uznanie Autorstwa (CC-BY); after publication
Risk Assessment for Social Practices in Small Vegetable farms in Poland as a Tool for the Optimization of Quality Management Systems of 06-08-2019
232,31 KB
Score (nominal)70
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 2; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 0.911; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 2.592 (2) - 2018=2.801 (5)
Citation count*
Additional fields
FinansowanieThis research was funded by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Republic of Poland.
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