Analysis of mechanical properties of bones and tendons shows that modern hybrid rye can be introduced to corn-wheat based diet in broiler chickens as an alternative energy source irrespective of xylanase supplementation
S. Muszyński , S. Świątkiewicz , A. Arczewska-Włosek , P. Dobrowolski , Jose Luis Valverde Piedra , M. B. Arciszewski , S. Szymańczyk , Anna Zacharko-Siembida , S. Kowalik , M. Hułas-Stasiak , A. Tomczyk-Warunek , Tomasz Schwarz , E. Tomaszewska
AbstractThis study focused on analyzing the effects of inclusion of modern hybrid rye to corn-wheat diet on mechanical properties of bones and tendons. A total of 224 broiler chickens were fed a diet without rye inclusion or a diet containing 15% of hybrid rye cv. Brasetto. The diets were either unsupplemented or supplemented with xylanase (minimum activity 1000 FXU/g, dose 200 mg/kg of feed). Each dietary group consisted of 56 birds. On day 42, selected chickens (n = 7 from each group) were slaughtered. Tibia were analyzed for mineralization, geometry, and biomechanical characteristics of bone mid-diaphysis. The mechanical properties of digital flexor III tendon were also assessed. Bone mineral density and bone ash percentage did not differ when both diets were given without xylanase. Enzyme supplementation increased bone mineral density (P < 0.01) in both dietary groups, whereas bone ash percentage (P < 0.01) increased only for corn-wheat diet. Rye inclusion had no effect on bone mid-shaft geometrical traits related to tibia weight-bearing capacity (cross-sectional area, cortical index, and mean relative wall thickness). Performed bending test showed no effect of hybrid rye inclusion on bone mechanical endurance. When xylanase was supplemented, bone length (P < 0.01) and weight (P < 0.05) decreased, whereas yield load (P < 0.01), stiffness (P < 0.05), Young modulus (P < 0.05), elastics stress (P < 0.01), and ultimate stress (P < 0.01) increased, irrespective of rye presence. The tendon tensile strain test showed that in corn-wheat diet enzyme supplementation positively influenced rupture force (P < 0.05) and tendon stiffness (P < 0.01). Xylanase supplementation increased the value of energy required to tendon rupture, irrespective of rye inclusion (P < 0.05). Study showed that modern hybrid rye varieties can be introduced to corn-wheat diets of broiler chickens in the aspect of animal welfare related to the development and homeostasis of musculoskeletal system, irrespective of xylanase supplementation. The enzyme addition positively affected biomechanical properties of bones and tendons.
|Journal series||Poultry Science, ISSN 0032-5791, e-ISSN 1525-3171, (N/A 140 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||hybrid rye, xylanase, broiler chicken, bone, tendon|
|Publication indicators||= 0; : 2017 = 1.38; : 2018 = 2.027 (2) - 2018=2.537 (5)|
|Finansowanie||This study was supported by the National Centre for Research and Development, Poland (grant “ENERGYFEED”; number: BIOSTRATEG2/297910/ 12/NCBR/2016).|
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