Daily activity pattern of the common hamster (Cricetus cricetus) at two localities situated in urban and rural areas

Kaim Iwona , Magdalena Hędrzak , Łukasz Ziewacz

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to characterize the daily activity pattern of the common hamster at two sites with different levels of human impact on environment. Locality no 1, Zes³awice, is located within the administrative borders of Krakow agglomeration and is intensively penetrated by people. The farmers spend long periods of time in the fields and do much work manually. Locality no 2, Szczotkowice, is located between the villages of Szczotkowice and Pierocice, in the Dzia³oszyce municipality. Extensive agriculture is carried out in this locality. The farmers use agricultural machines, but for most of the daytime, they are not present in the fields even during the busy harvest season. The daily activity of animals was studied using the method of food tables. The results indicate that hamsters from areas with high level of human pressures started their daily activity two hours later than those from rural areas. They exhibited higher synchronization and more uniform daily activity patterns than was recorded at the typically agricultural site. The morning and evening activity peak was significantly more distinct for urban hamsters than for rural hamsters.
Author Kaim Iwona
Kaim Iwona,,
-
, Magdalena Hędrzak (DoAS / HBZ-KHB)
Magdalena Hędrzak,,
- Department of Cattle Breeding
, Łukasz Ziewacz (TAoPPoN)
Łukasz Ziewacz,,
- The Association of Polish Photographers of Nature
Journal seriesZoologica Poloniae. Archivum Societatis Zoologorum Poloniae, ISSN 0044-510X, (B 8 pkt)
Issue year2013
Vol58
No3-4
Pages59-69
Keywords in Englishurbanization, rural areas, synurbization, adaptation
DOIDOI:10.2478/zoop-2013-0005
URL http://www.degruyter.com/dg/viewarticle.fullcontentlink:pdfeventlink/$002fj$002fzoop.2013.58.issue-3-4$002fzoop-2013-0005$002fzoop-2013-0005.pdf?t:ac=j$002fzoop.2013.58.issue-3-4$002fzoop-2013-0005$002fzoop-2013-0005.xml
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)8
ScoreMinisterial score = 7.0, 26-07-2017, ArticleFromJournal
Ministerial score (2013-2016) = 8.0, 26-07-2017, ArticleFromJournal
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