Agricultural and economic aspects of crop production in organic and conventional systems

Kazimierz Klima , Barbara Wiśniowska-Kielian

Abstract

Aim of the study was to evaluate the yield and economic efficiency of the three crops of spring cereals according to the principles of organic and conventional farming. The study was carried out as a two-factor field experiment conducted in 2009-2012 at the mountain Research Station in Czyrna near Krynica, South Poland. The yield and economic efficiency of oats, barley and spring tritical has been studied. Cereals were grown in organic and conventional systems. The research revealed thet the grain yield of cereals grown in the organic system were 14% lower than this obtained in the conventional system. Failure to use synthetic fertilizers and pesticides in the organic system resulted in nearly 5-fold decrease in the direct costs. Despite lower production values obtained from the cereals growing in the organic system, economic efficiency schieved in this system was nearly 30% higher than in the conventional system.
Author Kazimierz Klima (FoAE / DoAaAE)
Kazimierz Klima,,
- Department of Agrotechnology and Agricultural Ecology
, Barbara Wiśniowska-Kielian (FoAE / DoAaECh)
Barbara Wiśniowska-Kielian,,
- Department of Agricultural and Environmental Chemistry
Journal seriesSoil-Water Journal (Special Issue for AGRICASIA`2013, 1st Central Asia Congress on Modern Agricultural Techniques and Plant Nutrition), ISSN 2146-7072, (0 pkt)
Issue year2013
Vol2
No2 (1)
Pages265-270
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in Englishcereals, efficiency, economic, organic, farming system, crop yielding
Internal identifierWRE/2013/80
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)5
Score sourcejournalList
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