Agricultural and economic aspects of crop production in organic and conventional systems
Kazimierz Klima , Barbara Wiśniowska-Kielian
AbstractAim of the study was to evaluate the yield and economic efficiency of the three crops of spring cereals according to the principles of organic and conventional farming. The study was carried out as a two-factor field experiment conducted in 2009-2012 at the mountain Research Station in Czyrna near Krynica, South Poland. The yield and economic efficiency of oats, barley and spring tritical has been studied. Cereals were grown in organic and conventional systems. The research revealed thet the grain yield of cereals grown in the organic system were 14% lower than this obtained in the conventional system. Failure to use synthetic fertilizers and pesticides in the organic system resulted in nearly 5-fold decrease in the direct costs. Despite lower production values obtained from the cereals growing in the organic system, economic efficiency schieved in this system was nearly 30% higher than in the conventional system.
|Journal series||Soil-Water Journal (Special Issue for AGRICASIA`2013, 1st Central Asia Congress on Modern Agricultural Techniques and Plant Nutrition), ISSN 2146-7072, (0 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||cereals, efficiency, economic, organic, farming system, crop yielding|
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