Impact of the location of the dairy cows in the barn on their body surface temperature

Zygmunt Gil , Krzysztof Adamczyk , Piotr Zapletal , Jan Frelich , Martin Šlachta , Angelika Andreasik


The objective of the study was to determine skin surface temperature of dairy cows housed in tie stalls, according to their location in the barn. A total of 52 healthy cows were investigated, 31 of which were kept in “cold” stalls by the entrance to the barn and 21 in “warm” stalls located in the centre of the barn. Skin surface temperature was measured in 8 different body parts using a non-contact thermometer (Fluke 572 pyrometer). The results showed that skin temperature of the cows varied according to their location. It was significantly lower in the cows housed in “cold” stalls compared to those kept in “warm” stalls (P < 0.05). The difference was particularly evident for the udder, reaching 1.1C (P < 0.01). Skin temperature of the cows varied between different measurement points. In both “cold” and “warm” stalls, skin temperature was highest on the udder and lowest at the hock joint (P < 0.01). Time of day and air temperature outside the barn had a highly significant effect on the skin temperature of the cows. The lower the air temperature was, the lower was the skin temperature at all points of measurement (P < 0.01). It was found that the skin surface of housed cows subjected to increased air movement is at a greater risk of becoming hypothermic.
Author Zygmunt Gil (DoAS / DoCB)
Zygmunt Gil,,
- Department of Cattle Breeding
, Krzysztof Adamczyk (DoAS / DoCB)
Krzysztof Adamczyk,,
- Department of Cattle Breeding
, Piotr Zapletal (DoAS / HBZ-KHB)
Piotr Zapletal,,
- Department of Cattle Breeding
, Jan Frelich
Jan Frelich,,
, Martin Šlachta
Martin Šlachta,,
, Angelika Andreasik (DoAS / DoCB)
Angelika Andreasik,,
- Department of Cattle Breeding
Other language title versionsVliv umístění dojnic ve stáji na teplotu povrchu těla
Journal seriesJournal of Central European Agriculture, ISSN 1332-9049, (B 14 pkt)
Issue year2013
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in Englishbody surface temperature, dairy cows, housing system, welfare
Internal identifierWHiBZ/2013/16
Languageen angielski
LicenseJournal (articles only); author's original; Uznanie Autorstwa (CC-BY); after publication
Impact of the location of the dairy cows in the barn on their body surface temperature of 25-04-2019
1,1 MB
Score (nominal)14
ScoreMinisterial score = 8.0, 26-07-2017, ArticleFromJournal
Ministerial score (2013-2016) = 14.0, 26-07-2017, ArticleFromJournal
Citation count*
Additional fields
FinansowanieThis study was supported by the Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic, NAZV QH 81280
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