The conception of integrated survey networks composed of modular networks and GPS vectors

Tadeusz Gargula


The main feature of the modular network method is a possibility of quickly establishing the measurement network with concurrent tachymetric measurement of situational details. The network is established on site, without being earlier designed in any way. Sites are usually selected in any place and treated as temporary (lost) points. This paper puts forward a proposal to strengthen the structure of modular networks with GPS measurements. GPS vectors can be adjusted together with the modular network. What is obtained as a result, are the coordinates of tie (connecting) points, which are necessary for the final transformation to the reference coordinate system. Measurement results can be adjusted with the use of multi-group transformation. The method leads to the solution of a system of conditional equations with unknowns. The issue of numerical development may be related to integrated networks considered as 2- or 3-dimensional structures.
Author Tadeusz Gargula (FoEEaLS / DoG)
Tadeusz Gargula,,
- Department of Geodesy
Journal seriesSurvey Review, ISSN 0039-6265, e-ISSN 1752-2706, (A 15 pkt)
Issue year2009
Publication size in sheets0.6
Keywords in EnglishGPS vectors, Modular network, Integrated survey networks
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)20
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2014 = 0.798; WoS Impact Factor: 2009 = 0.258 (2) - 2009=0.314 (5); WoS Citations = 3
Citation count*11 (2016-09-16)
Additional fields
FinansowanieThis work has been supported by the Polish Committee for Scientific Research (KBN – BW-2367/KG/2005).
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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