The Effect of Biochar Used as Soil Amendment on Morphological Diversity of Collembola
Iwona Gruss , Jacek P. Twardowski , Agnieszka Ewa Latawiec , Jolanta B. Królczyk , Agnieszka Medynska-Juraszek
AbstractBiochar was reported to improve the chemical and physical properties of soil. The use of biochar as a soil amendment have been found to improve the soil structure, increase the porosity, decrease bulk density, as well increase aggregation and water retention. Knowing that springtails (Collembola) are closely related to soil properties, the effect of biochar on morphological diversity of these organisms was evaluated. The main concept was the classification of springtails to the life-form groups and estimation of QBS-c index (biological quality index based on Collembola species). We conducted the field experiment where biochar was used as soil amendment in oilseed rape and maize crops. Wood-chip biochar from low-temperature (300 °C) flash pyrolysis was free from PAH (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon) and other toxic components. Results showed that all springtail life-form groups (epedaphic, hemiedaphic, and euedaphic) were positively affected after biochar application. The QBS-c index, which relates to springtails’ adaptation to living in the soil, was higher in treatments where biochar was applied. We can recommend the use of Collembola’s morphological diversity as a good tool for the bioindication of soil health.
|Journal series||Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, (N/A 70 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.6|
|Keywords in English||biochar; biological soil quality; Collembola life-form groups; QBS-c index|
|ASJC Classification||; ;|
|License||Journal (articles only); author's original; ; after publication|
|Publication indicators||= 0; : 2016 = 0.911; : 2018 = 2.592 (2) - 2018=2.801 (5)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.