The Effect of Biochar Used as Soil Amendment on Morphological Diversity of Collembola

Iwona Gruss , Jacek P. Twardowski , Agnieszka Ewa Latawiec , Jolanta B. Królczyk , Agnieszka Medynska-Juraszek

Abstract

Biochar was reported to improve the chemical and physical properties of soil. The use of biochar as a soil amendment have been found to improve the soil structure, increase the porosity, decrease bulk density, as well increase aggregation and water retention. Knowing that springtails (Collembola) are closely related to soil properties, the effect of biochar on morphological diversity of these organisms was evaluated. The main concept was the classification of springtails to the life-form groups and estimation of QBS-c index (biological quality index based on Collembola species). We conducted the field experiment where biochar was used as soil amendment in oilseed rape and maize crops. Wood-chip biochar from low-temperature (300 °C) flash pyrolysis was free from PAH (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon) and other toxic components. Results showed that all springtail life-form groups (epedaphic, hemiedaphic, and euedaphic) were positively affected after biochar application. The QBS-c index, which relates to springtails’ adaptation to living in the soil, was higher in treatments where biochar was applied. We can recommend the use of Collembola’s morphological diversity as a good tool for the bioindication of soil health.
Author Iwona Gruss
Iwona Gruss,,
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, Jacek P. Twardowski
Jacek P. Twardowski,,
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, Agnieszka Ewa Latawiec (FoPaPE / IoAEaI)
Agnieszka Ewa Latawiec,,
- Institute of Agricultural Engineering and Informatics
, Jolanta B. Królczyk
Jolanta B. Królczyk,,
-
, Agnieszka Medynska-Juraszek
Agnieszka Medynska-Juraszek,,
-
Journal seriesSustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, (N/A 70 pkt)
Issue year2019
Vol11
No18
Pages1-13
Publication size in sheets0.6
Keywords in Englishbiochar; biological soil quality; Collembola life-form groups; QBS-c index
ASJC Classification3305 Geography, Planning and Development; 2105 Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment; 2308 Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
DOIDOI:10.3390/su11185126
URL https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/11/18/5126
Languageen angielski
LicenseJournal (articles only); author's original; Uznanie Autorstwa (CC-BY); after publication
File
sustainability-11-05126.pdf 1,03 MB
Score (nominal)70
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 0.911; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 2.592 (2) - 2018=2.801 (5)
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