The impact of plant-derived smoke on seed germination in the context of swailing

Renata Bączek-Kwinta , Marcin Markowicz

Abstract

Smoke generated by wildfires have special ecological impact in various fire-prone environment in Africa, Australia, and both Americas. However, in the countries of moderate climate zones, swailing (controlled burning of meadows) is often, although illegally, practiced by farmers. Hence, the influence of smoke generated from plant debris on seed germination and radicle growth of 4 crops, popularly grown and 3 weed species, occurring in Central Europe was studied. Smoke had stimulative effect on seeds germination of 6 from 7 studied species. There was no impact on germination of meadow cress seeds, but in this case strong stimulation of radicle growth was noticed. The influence of smoke on germination was the strongest in case of red cabbage, as the difference between smoke-treated and control seeds was 60%, and the stimulation of growth of radicles was obtained. Summing up, plant-derived smoke can stimulate seed germination and seedling vigour of some crop and weed plants of moderate climate countries. Therefore, smoke generated by swailing can cause local changes in both the natural and agricultural environments.
Author Renata Bączek-Kwinta (FoAE / DoPP)
Renata Bączek-Kwinta,,
- Department of Plant Physiology
, Marcin Markowicz (FoAaE / DoPP)
Marcin Markowicz,,
- Department of Plant Physiology
Pages233-239
Publication size in sheets0.5
Book Grzesiak Maciej T. (eds.): Plant functioning under environmental stress, 2013, Cracow : F. Górski Institute of Plant Physiology. Polish Academy of Sciences, ISBN 978-83-86878-30-7, 287 p.
Keywords in Englishgermination, seed, smoke, weed
URL http://www.researchgate.net/publication/277329945_THE_IMPACT_OF_PLANT-DERIVED_SMOKE_ON_SEED_GERMINATION_IN_THE_CONTEXT_OF_SWAILING
Internal identifierWRE/11/47
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)0
Citation count*1 (2020-04-04)
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