The effect of “acid rain” and mineral fertilizers on the biometrical features of larix decidua mill. Seedlings

Stanisław Małek

Abstract

The purpose of the present experiment was to describe the influence of various mineral fertilizers on the development of Larix decidua Mill. seedlings subject to the influence of simulated acid rain of pH 2.5, 3.0, 3.5, 4.0, 4.5. The seedlings were fertilized every month (from April up to October), in order to counteract acid rain. The composition of the fertilizers was diversified in order to select an optimum variant. Fertilizer with NK applied to the needles (Florovit) and NPK applied to the soil (Fruktus 2) as well as dolomite lime applied to the soil. One row per set was left without fertilization as a control for each pH step of acid rain treatment. The analysis of biometric characteristics showed that a two-year period of investigations was too short to estimate effects on Larix decidua Mill. seedlings. It, however, indicated important trends. High correlations were found between particular growth parameters i.e. diameter of root neck, root mass, total mass of: seedlings, needles, main shoots, lateral shoots, ligneous parts, total overground parts. No strong correlations were observed between the above mentioned parameters and the total height of the seedlings. Among the different treatments the best development was achieved at pH 4.0, whereas the weakest development was observed at pH 2.5. The analysis showed a decrease in biometrical features along with an increase in acidity of acid rain solution. The first year of the experiment had the greatest influence upon the growth of Larix decidua Mill. seedlings. Significant improvement in growth, in relation to control plots, was achieved by using NK-fertilizers onto needles — the best results, and NPK onto soil. The best increment of the height of seedling was noticed at pH 3.5. In the second year of the experiment the effects of pH of acid rain and fertilization decreased — no significant effect on biometrical features was observed. Applaying NPK fertilizer onto soil showed a positive effect in relation to dolomite treatment. The best increment was noticed at pH 4.0.
Author Stanisław Małek (FoF / L-KEkoL)
Stanisław Małek,,
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Journal seriesWater Air and Soil Pollution, ISSN 0049-6979, (A 30 pkt)
Issue year1996
Vol88
No1-2
Pages93-107
Publication size in sheets0.7
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00157415
URL http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2FBF00157415#page-1
Internal identifierWL/14/3
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)30
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