Changes in Sedentary and Active Lifestyle, Diet Quality and Body Composition Nine Months after an Education Program in Polish Students Aged 11-12 Years: Report from the ABC of Healthy Eating Study

Lidia Wadolowska , Jadwiga Hamulka , Joanna Kowalkowska , Natalia Ulewicz , Monika Hoffmann , Magdalena Gornicka , Monika Bronkowska , Teresa Leszczyńska , Pawel Glibowski , Renata Korzeniowska-Ginter

Abstract

The sustainability of education focused on improving the dietary and lifestyle behaviours of teenagers has not been extensively studied. The aim of this study was to determine the sustainability of diet-related and lifestyle-related school-based education on sedentary and active lifestyle, diet quality and body composition of Polish pre-teenagers in a medium-term follow-up study. An education-based intervention study was carried out on 464 students aged 11–12 years (educated/control group: 319/145). Anthropometric measurements were taken and body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-height ratios (WHtR) were calculated, both at the baseline and after nine months. Dietary data from a short-form food frequency questionnaire (SF-FFQ4PolishChildren) were collected. Two measures of lifestyle (screen time, physical activity) and two diet quality scores (pro-healthy, pHDI, and non-healthy, nHDI) were established. After nine months, in the educated group (vs. control) a significantly higher increase was found in nutrition knowledge score (mean difference of the change: 1.8 points) with a significantly higher decrease in physical activity (mean difference of the change: −0.20 points), nHDI (−2.3% points), the z-WHtR (−0.18 SD), and the z-waist circumference (−0.13 SD). Logistic regression modelling with an adjustment for confounders revealed that after nine months in the educated group (referent: control), the chance of adherence to a nutrition knowledge score of at least the median was over 2 times higher, and that of the nHDI category of at least the median was significantly lower (by 35%). In conclusion, diet-related and lifestyle-related school-based education from an almost one-year perspective can reduce central adiposity in pre-teenagers, despite a decrease in physical activity and the tendency to increase screen time. Central adiposity reduction can be attributed to the improvement of nutrition knowledge in pre-teenagers subjected to the provided education and to stopping the increase in unhealthy dietary habits.
Author Lidia Wadolowska
Lidia Wadolowska,,
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, Jadwiga Hamulka
Jadwiga Hamulka,,
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, Joanna Kowalkowska
Joanna Kowalkowska,,
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, Natalia Ulewicz
Natalia Ulewicz,,
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, Monika Hoffmann
Monika Hoffmann,,
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, Magdalena Gornicka
Magdalena Gornicka,,
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, Monika Bronkowska
Monika Bronkowska,,
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, Teresa Leszczyńska (FoFT / DoHN)
Teresa Leszczyńska,,
- Department of Human Nutrition
, Pawel Glibowski
Pawel Glibowski,,
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, Renata Korzeniowska-Ginter
Renata Korzeniowska-Ginter,,
-
Journal seriesNutrients, ISSN 2072-6643, (N/A 140 pkt)
Issue year2019
Vol11
No2
Pages1-16
Publication size in sheets0.75
Keywords in Englishadolescents; adiposity; central obesity; dietary patterns; diet quality; overweight; physical activity; sedentary time; screen time; pre-teenagers
ASJC Classification1106 Food Science
DOIDOI:10.3390/nu11020331
URL https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/11/2/331
Internal identifierWTŻ/2019/21
Languageen angielski
LicenseJournal (articles only); author's original; Uznanie Autorstwa (CC-BY); after publication
Score (nominal)140
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 1.392; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 4.171 (2) - 2018=4.813 (5)
Citation count*
Additional fields
FinansowanieThis project was financially supported by Carrefour Foundation (a national multi-centre project: ‘ABC of Healthy Eating’; 1st edition) and each scientific centre from sources of the Polish Ministry of Sciences and Higher Education. The scientific team was responsible for all stages of the study. The funding sponsors had no role in the study design; data collection, analysis or interpretation of the data; the writing of the manuscript; or the decision to publish the results.
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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