Shear Strength of Industrial Wastes and Their Mixtures and Stability of Embankments Made of These Materials

Andrzej Gruchot , Tymoteusz Zydroń

Abstract

The paper presents the results of research on the influence of compaction on the shear strength of fly ash, unburnt and burnt coal wastes, and a composite (a mixture of unburnt coal waste and 30% of fly ash). The tests were carried out in a triaxial compression apparatus on samples with a diameter and height of 10 and 20 cm, respectively. In order to verify usability of the tested waste materials for earthworks, stability calculations of the road embankment made of these materials were carried out. It was shown that the tested materials were characterized by high values of shear strength parameters, which significantly depended on compaction. The most favorable values of the angle of internal friction and cohesion were obtained for the burnt coal waste, slightly lower for the composite, and the lowest for the fly ash. Stability calculations for the road embankment model showed that the slope inclination and the load on the embankment have a significant influence on the factor of safety. It was also shown that a decrease in cohesion causes significant decrease in the factor of safety. The tests and the stability calculations showed that the tested waste materials are useful for earth construction purposes.
Author Andrzej Gruchot (FoEEaLS / DoHEaG)
Andrzej Gruchot,,
- Department of Hydraulic Engineering and Geotechnics
, Tymoteusz Zydroń (FoEEaLS / DoHEaG)
Tymoteusz Zydroń,,
- Department of Hydraulic Engineering and Geotechnics
Journal seriesApplied Sciences-Basel, [Applied Sciences (Switzerland)], ISSN 2076-3417, (N/A 70 pkt)
Issue year2020
Vol10
No1
Pages1-18
Publication size in sheets0.85
Keywords in Englishfly ash; coal waste; factor of safety
ASJC Classification1507 Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes; 1508 Process Chemistry and Technology; 1706 Computer Science Applications; 2200 General Engineering; 2500 General Materials Science; 3105 Instrumentation
DOIDOI:10.3390/app10010250
URL https://www.mdpi.com/2076-3417/10/1/250
Languageen angielski
LicenseJournal (articles only); author's original; Uznanie Autorstwa (CC-BY); after publication
File
applsci-10-00250-v2 (1).pdf 3,67 MB
Score (nominal)70
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 0.985; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 2.217 (2) - 2018=2.287 (5)
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