Diversity of wood-inhabiting fungi in woodpecker nest cavities in southern Poland

Robert Jankowiak , Michał Ciach , Piotr Bilański , Riikka Linnakoski

Abstract

Globally, tree-holes are important ecological component of forest and woodlands. Numerous microorganisms rely on cavities, both natural and those excavated by primary cavity nesting birds, mainly by woodpeckers, for their survival and reproduction. However, the fungi occurring in cavities are not well characterized. Specifically, very little is known about the fungal communities inhabiting the woodpecker nest cavities. Therefore, in this study, we investigated the fungal diversity of cavities in southern Poland. The samples were collected from freshly excavated woodpecker nest cavities using a nondestructive method (ND). The spatial distribution of fungal communities within the cavities was evaluated by sampling different parts of a single cavity using a destructive method (D). We detected 598 fungal isolates that included 64 species in three phyla and 16 orders using the ND method. Most of the fungi isolated from the cavities represented the phylum Ascomycota (73.9% of the isolates) with 11 orders, and Microascales was the predominant order (30% of the isolates). The most common species detected was Petriella musispora, which was isolated from 65% of the cavities. A total of 150 isolates (25%) were members of Basidiomycota, with Hymenochaetales being the dominant order (16% of the isolates). The basidiomycetous fungi were isolated from 55% of the cavities. Several taxa closely related to the pathogenic fungi and associated with secondary animal infections were detected in the wood of cavities. We identified different fungal communities in the three cavity parts using the D method. The cavity entrance had more number of species than the middle and bottom parts. The results of this study advanced our current knowledge on the mycobiota in woodpecker nest cavities and provided preliminary evidence for tree cavities being the hotspot for fungal diversity.
Author Robert Jankowiak (FoF / FEPI / DoFFMaPoT)
Robert Jankowiak,,
- DEPARTMENT OF FOREST FITOPATOLOGY, MYKOLOGY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF TREES
, Michał Ciach (FoF / IoEaS / DBL)
Michał Ciach,,
- DEPOSIT BIOGENIC DEPARTMENT
, Piotr Bilański (FoF / FEPI / DoFPEaC)
Piotr Bilański,,
- DEPARTMENT OF FOREST PROTECTION, ENTOMOLOGY AND FOREST CLIMATOLOGY
, Riikka Linnakoski
Riikka Linnakoski,,
-
Journal seriesActa Mycologica, ISSN 0001-625X, e-ISSN 2353-074X, (N/A 20 pkt)
Issue year2019
Vol54
No1
Pages1-20
Publication size in sheets0.95
Keywords in EnglishBasidiomycetes; cavity; Microascales; wood-inhabiting fungi; wood-decay fungi; woodpeckers; tree-hollow
Keywords in original languageBasidiomycetes; cavity; Microascales; wood-inhabiting fungi; wood-decay fungi; woodpeckers; tree-hollow
ASJC Classification1105 Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics; 1110 Plant Science
DOIDOI:10.5586/am.1126
URL https://www.researchgate.net/publication/334099558_Diversity_of_wood-inhabiting_fungi_in_woodpecker_nest_cavities_in_southern_Poland
Languageen angielski
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Diversity of wood-inhabiting fungi in woodpecker nest cavities in southern Poland 1,35 MB
Score (nominal)20
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 0.309
Citation count*
Additional fields
FinansowanieThis study was funded by the National Science Center, Poland (contract No. UMO510 2014/15/NZ9/00560). This research was also supported by statutory research activity founds by Minister of Science and Higher Education assigned to Faculty of Forestry, University of Agriculture in Krakow.
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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