Dziki jako rezerwuar patogenów chorobotwórczych dla świń, innych gatunków zwierząt i człowieka

Zygmunt Pejsak , Marian Truszczyński , Kazimierz Tarasiuk


This paper provides an overview of the current knowledge on wild boar as a reservoir of viruses, bacteria and parasites being pathogenic also to other species of animals, and for humans, but particularly to pigs belonging to the same species, Sus scrofa, as the wild boar. Since wild boar and domestic pigs belong to the same taxonomic species they are susceptible to the same pathogens and can infect each other. Therefore free – ranging wild boar are increasingly considered to be a threat to the pig industry and the international movement of pigs and swine products. Particularly African swine fever, classical swine fever, and foot and mouth disease are those OIE-listed diseases, discussed in the paper. Additionally, domestic pigs can be infected from wild boar by PPV, PCV2, TGE and ADV. The last mentioned microorganism is causing infection and disease also in other species of animals. The wild boar is participating, by carriership, of infecting several species of animals and human by Leptospira serotypes, Brucella suis, Yersinia enterocolitica, Salmonella spp., pathogenic serovars of Escherichia coli. The same relates to bovine tuberculosis, Japanase encephalitis virus and influenza A typ viruses. Finally trichinellosis transfer from wild boar to humans with not cooked meat containing larves of Trichinella spp. is mentioned. In general remarks it is noted that to prevent pathogen introduction from wild boar to domestic animals particularly to pigs, but also other species and to humans the surveillance of the wild boar behaviour in their living conditions and environment is recommended.
Author Zygmunt Pejsak (VET)
Zygmunt Pejsak,,
- University Centre for Veterinary Medicine UJ-UR
, Marian Truszczyński
Marian Truszczyński,,
, Kazimierz Tarasiuk (VET)
Kazimierz Tarasiuk,,
- University Centre for Veterinary Medicine UJ-UR
Other language title versionsWild boar as the reservoir of pathogens, pathogenic for swine, other species of animals and for humans
Journal seriesMedycyna Weterynaryjna, [Medycyna Weterynaryjna], ISSN 0025-8628, (N/A 20 pkt)
Issue year2019
No75 (1)
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in Englishwild boar, reservoir of pathogens, evaluation of their importance
ASJC Classification3400 General Veterinary
Languagepl polski
Score (nominal)20
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 0.25; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 0.28 (2) - 2018=0.257 (5)
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