Assessment of Vitamin Intake From Conventional and Supplement Diets in Selected High-Qualified Sport Groups Before and After Conducting Nutritional Education
Estera Nowacka-Polaczyk , Teresa Leszczyńska , Aneta Kopeć , Jerzy Zawistowski
AbstractThe aim of this study was to evaluate vitamin intake from conventional and supplemented diets by sportspersons competing in slalom canoeing, hockey, sport climbing, and volleyball before and after providing them with nutritional education. The assessment of nutritional habits was performed within a 24-h dietary recall. After the first year of research, counseling was provided for an individual sportsperson as well as the sportsperson's group regarding his/her dietary mistakes and proper nutritional pattern in the presence of his/her trainers. Dietary mistakes made by sportspersons were primarily related to inadequate intake of vitamins E, D, C, and folate. The alarming fact about nutrition habits of surveyed sportspersons was the lack of understanding of the role of supplementation. In spite of full coverage of recommendations for vitamins B2 (riboflavin), B6, B12 (cobalamin), and B3 (niacin) from average daily diets, athletes overused supplements to elevate their vitamin intake, which may cause an adverse effect on their health. This study indicates that nutrition education that we conducted in the second year of this study is important for improving nutritional habits of all sportspersons. Furthermore, it is critical to continue providing this type of education to athletes and their trainers during their tenure to avoid dietary mistakes.
|Publication size in sheets||0.65|
|Book||Bagchi Debasis, Nair Sreejayan, Sen Chandan K. (eds.): Nutrition and Enhanced Sports Performance: Muscle Building, Endurance and Strength, Second Edition, 2019, Academic Press, ISBN 978-0-12-813922-6, 818 p., DOI:10.1016/C2017-0-00732-2|
|Keywords in English||Hockey players, Nutritional education, Slalom canoeists, Supplements, Vitamins, Volleyball players, Wall climbers|
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|Finansowanie||The study was financed by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of Republic of Poland.|
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