Effects of dietary supplementation with algae, sunflower oil or soybean oil on folliculogenesis in the rabbit ovary during sexual maturation
Małgorzata Grzesiak , Dorota Maj , Anna Hrabia
AbstractThis study aimed to examine the effects of algae (rich in omega-3 fatty acids), sunflower oil (rich in omega-6 fatty acids) and soybean oil (rich in omega-6 fatty acids) on the entire folliculogenesis in juvenile and sexually mature rabbits. After weaning, rabbits were randomly divided into four experimental groups of 14 animals each. Control animals received non-supplemented pellets, while in the other groups, the pellets contained 1% marine algae, 3% sunflower oil or 3% soybean oil. Animals from each group were slaughtered at 12 weeks of age (n = 7 per group) or at 18 weeks of age (n = 7 per group). The ovaries were harvested and fixed for hematoxylin-eosin staining, immunohistochemical localization of PCNA and TUNEL assay. Algae-enriched diet markedly decreased the number of primordial and primary follicles, while addition of sunflower oil reduced the number of primary follicles in 12-week-old rabbits. The number of antral follicles was higher following algae supplementation, but lower after addition of soybean oil in that age group. Proliferating index was decreased following supplementation with algae and soybean oil in juvenile rabbits, whereas it was increased after addition of algae and decreased following vegetable oils in mature ones. Dietary PUFAs did not impact apoptosis in the rabbit ovary of both age groups. The obtained results suggest that PUFA-enriched diet regulate either early folliculogenesis or antral follicle development in rabbits that might influence reproductive performance as a consequence. It appears that observed effects are attributed to sexual maturity.
|Journal series||Acta Histochemica, ISSN 0065-1281, e-ISSN 1618-0372, (N/A 70 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||PUFAs, Folliculogenesis, Proliferation, Apoptosis, Ovary, Rabbit|
|ASJC Classification||; ;|
|Publication indicators||: 2018 = 0.668; : 2018 = 1.719 (2) - 2018=1.594 (5)|
|Finansowanie||This work was financially supported by the Ministry of Sciences and Higher Education for University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland (subvention number: Sub-020,002-D015 and Sub-020,012-D015) and for Jagiellonian University in Krakow, Poland (subvention number:N18/DBS/000,006).|
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