Modele organizacji mechanizacji w gospodarstwach chłopskich
AbstractThe objective of the thesis is to bridge a gap in the current state of knowledge concerning the requirements that must be met in order to decrease the costs of production and minimize the labour and energy expenditures. The scope of the undertaken research has been divided into two tasks. The first one comprises development of different patterns of mechanization and their evaluation in dependence on the theoretically assumed acreage of farms (2 ha, 5 ha, 10 ha, 15 ha, 20 ha). The second task deals with verification of the results obtained in the first stage of research and it consists in developing an empirical model. The following factors were assumed as those having en Influence on the volume of expenditures in plant production; tractors usage, labour expenditures and labour requirements, tractor aggregates field capacity and energy consumption of production. The research has been carried out in the southern region of Poland. The achieved results made possible a statistical estimation concerned with the influence of the assumed factors on the volume of expenditures. On the basis of the calculated coefficients of correlation and the determined regressions a conclusion can be drawn that the minimum acreage of the farm, as far as mechanization is concerned, should oscillate around the value of 20 ha of the farming lands. In the assumed boundaries of farms acreage together with an increase in farms area the values of all independent variables indicate a decrease in energy expenditures as well as labour and tractor working hours1 in relation both to hektar and the cereal unit of production. At the same time the field capacity of tractor aggregates increases distinctly with en increase in acreage of the cultivated field. Next, the size of a field is dependent upon the acreage of the farm.
|Other language title versions||PATTERNS OF MECHANIZATION ON THE PEASANT FARMS|
|Publisher||Uniwersytet Rolniczy im. Hugona Kołłątaja w Krakowie, MNiSW |
|Publishing place (Publisher address)||Kraków|
|Book series /Journal (in case of Journal special issue)||Zeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Rolniczego im. Hugona Kołłątaja w Krakowie. Rozprawy, ISSN 1899-3486, (0 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||5.2|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.