Kształtowanie obszarów wiejskich z uwzględnieniem parametrów przestrzennych
Małgorzata Dudzińska , Małgorzata Akińcza , Stanisław Bacior , Anna Bielska , Monika Balawejder , Jacek Gniadek , Katarzyna Kocur-Bera , Jolanta Kwiatkowska-Malina , Małgorzata Stańczuk-Gałwiaczek
AbstractThe aim of the studies presented in this monograph was to develop guidelines on how to manage rural areas taking into account spatial parameters. Basically, any space, including that of rural areas, should be managed in such manner so as to ensure that: • varied possession forms and land use structures are taken into account; • the potential of natural environment is exploited while maintaining or restoring its natural and cultural values; • labour resources are used and adjusted to the existing and forecast needs; • new agricultural production techniques and technologies are introduced; • various function co-exist peacefully in rural areas For sound management of agricultural property it is required that its structure be adjusted to the current level of economic development, the state of progress in agriculture, and the level od “preservation” of natural and cultural national heritage. The latter element can be implemented through the development of rural areas, planning the land use structure (agricultural land protection – excluding land from agricultural and forestry production) as well as an improvement in spatial organization of activities in rural areas. All this aims can be achieved during land consolidation. This is an important planning space repair tool used for the comprehensive sustainable development of rural areas, which reconciles conflicting interests and individual, social, technical, economic, and environmental aims. The final result of the process (including after the completion of road investment projects) should be the reorganization of the planning space, and the introduction of measures aimed at the development of an efficient road network and an agricultural drainage ditch network, and preventing the degradation of the areas under investigation. Moreover, actions associated with environmental protection and preservation of landscape and cultural values, and those aimed at an increase in the economic potential of rural areas and an improvement in living conditions of the people living in these areas, should be taken into account in the consolidation process. These aims can be achieved through transformations aimed at an improvement in both the areal structure of farms and the properties of land which predispose it to perform specific functions (e.g. landscape-forming, flood protection, anti-erosion, protective, economic, educational, social and other functions). A guarantee of maintaining the policy of sustainable development of rural areas is the implementation of land consolidations in accordance with a certain hierarchy, and in-depth examination of the structure under transformation. This can be achieved by an analysis of the following factors: (1) land parcels’ access to a public road, and its type; (2) the shape of a land parcel, in particular that differing from a regular soild; (3) elongation of a land parcel; (4) a mean area of a land parcel, which provides the possibility for performance of work in the field without the need to come back to the farmstead before half of a working day has passed; (5) number of land parcels in the farm; (6) the area of the farm; (7) the distance between the village site and the field; (8) the type of the right to property; (9) the existence of collective property such as e.g. joint land property; (10) the area of land occupied by non-resident owners; (11) the area of State-owned agricultural land; (13) layout of agricultural farms; (14) planned line investment projects of both national and international significance, including loss of agricultural land being taken over for the purposes of motorway construction, and a reduction in the quality of land situated in the vicinity of a motorway; (15) the needs associated with the upgrading of farmland drainage system and agricultural transport roads; (16) farmers’ interest in increasing their agricultural farms, and (17) the occurrence of differences between the cadaster and land and mortgage registers. The most important original achievement of this monograph is the collection of a broad, multi-faceted range of studied attributes of the rural area space. The knowledge will help planners, surveyors or owners take more efficient and more extensive measures related to the improvement in the conditions of management.
|Other language title versions||Shaping the rural areas with respect to spatial parameters|
|Publisher name (outside publisher list)||Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Rolniczego w Krakowie|
|Publishing place (Publisher address)||Kraków|
|Publication size in sheets||9.35|
|Keywords in English||spatial parameters, rural areas, land consolidations, sustainable development factors, multi-faceted range attributes|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.